Independent and cutting-edge analysis on Turkey and its neighborhood

Democratization and Disputes in the Neighborhood:Is Taking Sides Inevitable?, Winter 2009

Democratization and Disputes in the Neighborhood:Is Taking Sides Inevitable?, Winter 2009

In a geostrategic reality that includes conflicts on every side, Turkey's role in bridging differences, tipping scales or preserving its neutrality has not been easy to define nor follow. In this issue, Turkish Policy Quarterly takes a look at various flash points in Tukey's neighborhood, including Iran, Sudan, Abkhazia, Ukraine, Armenia and Azerbaijan.  

Nigâr Göksel | 05 February 2010

Turkish Foreign Policy and Iran, Winter 2009

Turkish Foreign Policy and Iran, Winter 2009

This article elaborates upon Turkey’s foreign policy with a specific focus on relations with Iran. Turkish foreign policy is predicated on its unique historical experience and geography which endows it with an added sense of responsibility which Turkish policy makers must acknowledge and wholeheartedly embrace. Accordingly, Turkish policymakers are trying to overcome differences between countries in conflict through confidence-building measures and by acting as a mediator and facilitator...

Murat Mercan | 05 February 2010

Why Turkey Cannot Abstain on Iran's Nuclear Violations, Winter 2009

Why Turkey Cannot Abstain on Iran's Nuclear Violations, Winter 2009

The IAEA Board, despite Turkey’s abstention, has reported its latest concerns to the Security Council. The time has come for the Security Council to take action in the form of increased sanctions. Turkey has troubled experience with international sanctions. Yet as a member of the Security Council, Turkey must assume its responsibilities. If Turkey wishes diplomacy to succeed, it must join in a unified effort to present Iran’s leaders with a clear choice between serious negotiations...

Gregory Schulte | 05 February 2010

A Movement for Change: Forging a Bright Future on Firm Principles, Winter 2009

A Movement for Change: Forging a Bright Future on Firm Principles, Winter 2009

Turkey is emerging as a global leader, but its inconsistent behavior clashes with principles of true democracy. Turkey’s human and democratic development lags and Turkey is creating new problems with friends, not “no problems” with neighbors. While Turkey decried the suffering in Gaza, it defended Sudan’s president against war crimes charges. While it combated anti-democratic behavior domestically, it quickly congratulated Ahmedinejad for an election victory where...

Zeynep Dereli | 05 February 2010

Implementing Peace in Sudan: Lessons for the EU Common Foreign and Security Policy, Winter 2009

Implementing Peace in Sudan: Lessons for the EU Common Foreign and Security Policy, Winter 2009

The Comprehensive Peace Agreement that ended the 22-year civil war, the longest in recent African history, between the North and South Sudan, had its fifth anniversary on January 9. The peace agreement did not solve all of the structural problems, yet it paved the way for a more peaceful and democratic Sudan. The next 12 months will be crucial in determining Sudan’s political future. A number of unresolved issues threaten the fragile peace while the elections in April 2010 or the secession...

Enver Ferhatovic | 05 February 2010

The Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict in the Aftermath of the Russia-Georgia War, Winter 2009

The Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict in the Aftermath of the Russia-Georgia War, Winter 2009

The unresolved conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan over Nagorno-Karabakh is considered the most daunting issue for South Caucasus’ security. Since 1994, when a cease-fire was reached between the parties, many attempts have been made to find a political solution to this conflict. Last year’s Russia-Georgia war considerably changed the geo-political situation and renewed efforts of regional and nonregional actors to reach a comprehensive solution. The Moscow Declaration signed in...

Gulshan Pashayeva | 05 February 2010

Ukraine: Blue Challenges, Winter 2009

Ukraine: Blue Challenges, Winter 2009

After the Ukrainian presidential elections, Victor Yankovych’s “blue” team came to power. The defragmented “orange” camp has now been pushed to the opposition. Although the potential of the Orange Revolution was not fully utilized, its legacy still remains The objection by the old member states along with the Western fear of Kremlin’s reaction, eliminated the use of the best “carrot”, which has so far worked well in accelerating the transformation...

Jan Pielko | 05 February 2010

Questioning the Embargo on Abkhazia: Turkey's Role in Integrating Into the Black Sea Region, Winter 2009

Questioning the Embargo on Abkhazia: Turkey's Role in Integrating Into the Black Sea Region, Winter 2009

There is a pressing need for engagement policies towards Abkhazia andl for pragmatic approaches to open up channels of communication for people and trade. Georgia has a stake in a policy of pro-active engagement with Abkhazia. Past efforts at isolating Abkhazia politically and economically had not gotten Georgia any further in negotiations. Turkey can play a major role in overcoming the isolation of Abkhazia. However it is unthinkable that Turkey unilaterally decide to resume direct...

Burcu Gultekin Punsmann | 05 February 2010

Nation-Building and State-Building in Azerbaijan: The Challenges of Education Abroad, Winter 2009

Nation-Building and State-Building in Azerbaijan: The Challenges of Education Abroad, Winter 2009

This article examines the interaction among education, national identity, and external players attempting to influence post-Soviet Azerbaijan. The authors argue that in the circumstances surrounding transition, education became a major political tool for outside powers to advocate their own political philosophy among Azerbaijanis. It is argued that the policies of the U.S., Europe, Russia, and Turkey to provide education opportunities to Azerbaijanis in hopes of affecting Azerbaijani society...

Murad Ismayilov & Micheal Tkacik | 05 February 2010

In Search of Lost Time: Turkey and Its Current Energy Politics, Winter 2009

In Search of Lost Time: Turkey and Its Current Energy Politics, Winter 2009

By referring to the great French novelist Marcel Proust’s novel -A la Recherche du Temps Perdu/In search of Lost Time- this article argues that Turkey is in search of lost time regarding its energy politics. Indeed, contrary to the Cold War period, Turkey does not hesitate to emphasize the importance of its geographical location through diverse energy projects. But what is notable is that although these diverse projects give the opportunity of multi-dimensional engagement, this same...

Nur Cetinoglu | 05 February 2010

Old Principles, New Practices: Explaining the AKP Foreign Policy, Winter 2009

Old Principles, New Practices: Explaining the AKP Foreign Policy, Winter 2009

Since the Justice and Development Party (AKP) assumed office in November 2002, its quite unprecedented foreign policy practices, both in substance and in style, have incited a general debate over the proper explication of the defining characteristics of this ‘new’ foreign policy, and especially its sources. This article argues that, first, the essential parameter of the AKP foreign policy is the peculiar foreign policy conception of the AKP policymakers. Second, the AKP foreign...

Eyup Ersoy | 05 February 2010

Turkey-Armenia Rapprochement at Risk: Time for Vision and Courage, Winter 2009

Turkey-Armenia Rapprochement at Risk: Time for Vision and Courage, Winter 2009

The international community hailed last year’s October 10 signing of protocols on the establishment of diplomatic relations and the development of bilateral ties between Turkey and Armenia as a turning point, but all were aware that the road to normalization would not be smooth, and the hurdles on the way demonstrate just that. Difficulties arise partly from the complicated nature of the problem since Turkey closed the border in solidarity with Azerbaijan when Armenia took control of the...

Yonca Poyraz Dogan | 05 February 2010

Turkey Should Embrace Business Diplomacy, Winter 2009

Turkey Should Embrace Business Diplomacy, Winter 2009

The international business community has long praised Turkey as an economic powerhouse, however a certain je ne sais quoi keeps it from fully entering the club of emerging nations with high growth potentials in the coming years. Yet, while multinational Turkish companies show great confidence within their comfort zone they tend to adopt a lower profile in more established marketplaces in, for example, Europe and the US. Why does the Turkish example –where business fundamentals are sound...

Gregorie D'Oultremont | 05 February 2010

Why ''South Azerbaijan'' matters?, Winter 2009

Why ''South Azerbaijan'' matters?, Winter 2009

This article is a general review of the recent developments concerning the legitimacy of the Iranian government, nuclear proliferation in the international context and human rights violations. Politics, economics, geography and demography of Azerbaijan and particularly the region commonly referred to as ‘South Azerbaijan’ within the Islamic Republic of Iran, are analyzed through a historical perspective. The role of South Azerbaijan in promoting human rights, democracy, and peace and...

Saleh Kamrani | 05 February 2010

TPQ Roundtable: Turkey and Israel - Old Friends, New Enemies?

TPQ Roundtable: Turkey and Israel - Old Friends, New Enemies?

This article reviews the roundtable discussion organized by Turkish Policy Quar- terly and the Konrad Adenauer Foundation on Turkish-Israeli relations, which took place on 11 March 2010 in Istanbul. In light of the discussions, the author evaluates the current state of affairs between Turkey and Israel from three different perspec- tives: the constitutive role of fear in relations, the emphasis on change, and problems with conceptualization. Due to Chatham House rules, the names of the...

Oğuz Alyanak | 05 February 2010

From the Desk of the Editor Over the last couple of years, Turkey has weathered multiples storms in close succession: two general elections that took place in a polarized political climate, an escalation of the Turkey-PKK conflict, a crisis with Russia, the 2016 failed coup attempt followed by state of emergency measures, and the continued threat of terrorist attacks. The aftermath of the constitutional referendum in April...
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