Independent and cutting-edge analysis on global affairs

The unresolved conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan over Nagorno-Karabakh is considered the most daunting issue for South Caucasus’ security. Since 1994, when a cease-fire was reached between the parties, many attempts have been made to find a political solution to this conflict. Last year’s Russia-Georgia war considerably changed the geo-political situation and renewed efforts of regional and nonregional actors to reach a comprehensive solution. The Moscow Declaration signed in the aftermath of the war by the Russian, Armenian and Azerbaijani presidents is an example of the increasing Russian interest to play a more active and persistent role in this process. At the same time the recognition of Abkhazia and South Ossetia by Russia demonstrated again that the current stalemate of any frozen conflict can easily be transformed into a new cycle of violence. Therefore the EU and the United States are more interested in resolving this conflict, now especially taking into consideration the geo-strategic and geo-economic parameters of the Caspian region. In this context Turkey, as a transit energy country, has a beneficial impact on the whole region, serving as a bridge to the West through its unique location. Supported by the U.S. and the EU, Turkey is trying to strengthen its political and economic influence in the South Caucasus and is attempting to transform its relations with Armenia.

 

CONTRIBUTOR
Gulshan Pashayeva
Gulshan Pashayeva

Dr. Gulshan Pashayeva is a Board Member at The Center of Analysis of International Relations (AIR Center) in Baku, Azerbaijan.

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Foreword Following the violent dissolution of the former Yugoslavia in the 1990s, there had been a shared sense of hope for a more peaceful future for the European continent. Unfortunately, this comfortability disappeared after Russian President Vladimir Putin ordered his troops to march against the Ukrainian forces throughout the border on 24 February 2022. This marked a turning point not only for the...
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