Independent and cutting-edge analysis on Turkey and its neighborhood
Mustafa Aydın

Mustafa Aydın, Professor of International Relations, is the Rector of Kadir Has University, Istanbul since 2010, and the President of the International Relations Council (UIK) of Turkey since 2004. He is Co-Coordinator of the International Commission on the Black Sea. Previously, he was Head of the Department of International Relations at the TOBB University of Economics and Technology; Director of International Policy Research Institute (TEPAV-IPRI) of Ankara; member of the Economy and Foreign Policy Study Group of the President’s Office; and Board Member of the strategic research centers of both the Turkish Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Turkish Armed Forces.

Carl Bildt

Carl Bildt is currently Co-Chair of the European Council on Foreign Relations. He served as Sweden's Minister for Foreign Affairs from 2006 to 2014. Bildt was the leader of the liberal conservative Moderate Party from 1986 to 1999, and Prime Minister of Sweden from 1991 to 1994. Bildt was mediator in the Balkan conflict, serving as the European Union’s Special Envoy to the Former Yugoslavia as well as the first EU High Representative for Bosnia and Herzegovina between 1995 and 1997.  From 1999 to 2001, he served as the United Nations Secretary-General’s Special Envoy for the Balkans.


Ahmet C. Bozer

Ahmet C. Bozer is Executive Vice President and President of Coca-Cola International, which consists of the Company’s Asia Pacific, Europe, Eurasia & Africa, and Latin America operations.  Before assuming his current position, Bozer served as President of Eurasia & Africa Group, where he led the Company’s business activities in more than 90 countries. Before joining Coca-Cola, Bozer spent five years in various audit, consultancy, and management roles with Coopers & Lybrand in Atlanta. A founding member of The Coca-Cola Turkey Life Plus Foundation, Bozer also previously served as head of the US-Pakistan Business Council. He sits on the Company’s Public Policy and Corporate Reputation Council and is a member of The Coca-Cola Foundation Board.

Ambassador Matthew J. Bryza

Ambassador Matthew J. Bryza is the Director of the International Centre for Defence Studies in Tallinn, Estonia and member of the board of directors at Turcas Petrol, among other private companies. Previously Bryza had a 23-year career as a US diplomat, most recently assigned to Baku as US Ambassador.  From 2005 to 2009, Ambassador Bryza served as Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Europe and Eurasia, with responsibility for the South Caucasus, Turkey, Greece, Cyprus, and Eurasian energy.  Ambassador Bryza simultaneously served as the US Co-Chair of the OSCE’s Minsk Group mediating the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, and as US mediator of the Cyprus, South Ossetia, and Abkhazia conflicts.

Ambassador Richard Burt

Ambassador Richard Burt is the managing director of McLarthy Associates, leading the firm’s work in Europe and Eurasia since 2007. He also serves as senior adviser to Center for Strategic & International Studies (CSIS). Prior to that, Burt served as ambassador and chief negotiator in the Strategic Arms Reduction Talks (START) with the former Soviet Union, and as US ambassador to the Federal Republic of Germany from 1985 to 1989, during the preliminary stages of German reunification. Before serving in Germany, he was assistant secretary of state for European and Canadian affairs from 1983 to 1985. Burt has also worked as the national security correspondent for the New York Times and at the International Institute for Strategic Studies in London.

Hikmet Çetin

Hikmet Çetin is a retired Turkish politician, who began his career when he was elected to the Turkish Parliament in 1977 as a member of the Republican People’s Party (CHP), and was later appointed as deputy prime minister in 1978. He served as minister of foreign affairs between 1991 and 1994. He also served as the Speaker of the Turkish Grand National Assembly from 1997 to 1999. In 2003, he was appointed as NATO Secretary General’s first Senior Civilian Representative in Afghanistan, the highest-level political representative of NATO in this country, where it has held the command of the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) since 11 August 2003. On 26 January 2004, he took office in Kabul, and served two consecutive terms until 24 August 2006.

Dr. Kemal Derviş

Dr. Kemal Derviş is vice president and director of Global Economy and Development at the Brookings Institute. Prior to this, Derviş was the head of the United Nations Development Programme, the UN’s global development network, from 2005 to 2009. He was also the Chair of the United Nations Development Group. From 2001 to 2002, he was Minister for Economic Affairs and the Treasury, without party affiliation, of the Republic of Turkey. Dervis also served in the Turkish Parliament as a member of the Republican People’s Party (CHP) representing Istanbul from 2002 to 2005. Before entering politics, Dervis held various World Bank positions including Division Chief for Industrial and Trade Strategy, Director for the Central Europe Department, Vice President of the World Bank for the Middle East and North Africa Region, and Vice President for Poverty Reduction and Economic Management. Dervis taught economics at Princeton, Bilkent, and Middle East Universities and since 2009, he has co-taught a course on global economic governance as an adjunct professor at Columbia University.

Prof. Dr. Üstün Ergüder

Prof. Dr. Üstün Ergüder, Emeritus Professor at Sabancı University, chairs the Executive Committee of the Education Reform Initiative, and the Board of Trustees of the Third Sector Foundation of Turkey. He is a member of the Executive Board of Vehbi Koç Foundation. Dr. Ergüder served as the Rector of Boğaziçi University for two consecutive terms (1992-2000) and was the founding director of the Istanbul Policy Center at Sabancı University (2001-10). Dr. Ergüder is also the former President (2009-13) of the Council of Magna Charta Observatory of Academic Freedom and Institutional Autonomy located in Bologna, Italy.

Prof. Dr. Emre Gönensay

Prof. Dr. Emre Gönensay is a professor of economics at Işık University. Previously, he served as Minister of Foreign Affairs of Turkey in 1996 and as a Member of Parliament for Antalya from 1994 to 1999. Between 1994 and 1995 he served as the Chief Advisor to the Prime Minister in charge of Coordinating the Economy and Turkish Pipelines Policy. After his term as a deputy ended in 1999, he started working as an advisor in the private sector. Throughout his professional life, he has worked in Koç Holding, Enka Holding, Chemical Mitsui Bank, and Caspian Energy, holding various positions ranging from advisor to board member.

Kadri Gürsel

Kadri Gürsel has been a columnist for the Turkish daily Milliyet since 2007, and is also a columnist for Al-Monitor’s Turkey Pulse.  His writing focuses primarily on Turkish foreign policy, the Kurdish question, and political Islam. He joined the Milliyet publishing group in 1997 as vice editor-in-chief of a newly launched weekly news magazine, Artı-Haber, and was Milliyet’s foreign news editor from 1999 until 2008. Gursel was also a correspondent for Agence France-Presse between 1993 and 1997, and in 1995 was kidnapped by the PKK, an experience he recounted in his book Dağdakiler (Those of the Mountains), published in 1996. He is also chairman of the Turkish National Committee of the International Press Institute.

Ekmeleddin İhsanoğlu

Prof. Dr. Ekmeleddin İhsanoğlu is a Turkish academic, Diplomat, Member of Turkish Parliament and Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE), and the ninth Secretary General of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) (2004-2013). He was the founding Director General of the Research Center for Islamic History, Art and Culture (IRCICA) in İstanbul for 25 years, and the first professor and founding head of the Department of History of Science at Istanbul University. Professor İhsanoğlu has also taught and lectured in many leading universities in Europe and USA, and has published books, articles and papers in different languages on science, history of science, and relations between the Muslim world and the Western world. İhsanoğlu was also a presidential candidate in the 2014 election and won 38.5 % of the total votes.

Ambassador James F. Jeffrey

Ambassador James F. Jeffrey is a former US diplomat and the Philip Solondz distinguished visiting fellow at The Washington Institute where he focuses on US strategies to counter Iran’s efforts to expand its influence in the broader Middle East. In addition to his service in Ankara between 2008 and 2010 and Baghdad between 2010 and 2012, he served as assistant to the president and deputy national security advisor in the George W. Bush administration, with a special focus on Iran. Previously, at the State Department, he served as principal deputy assistant secretary for the Bureau of Near Eastern Affairs at the Department of State. Earlier appointments included service as senior advisor on Iraq to the secretary of state; chargé d'affaires and deputy chief of mission in Baghdad; deputy chief of mission in Ankara; and ambassador in Albania.

Frederick Kempe

Frederick Kempe has been the President and CEO of the Atlantic Council since 2006, and is a Visiting Fellow at Oxford University’s Saïd Business School. He is an award-winning journalist, best-selling author, columnist and a regular commentator on television and radio both in Europe and the United States. Prior to assuming his position at the Atlantic Council, Kempe spent nearly thirty years with the Wall Street Journal, joining the Journal in 1981 in London before opening the paper’s Vienna bureau in 1984, and its Berlin bureau in 1990.

Dr. Şule Kut

Dr. Şule Kut has been the Rector of Okan University since 2010. Prior to that, Kut worked at Istanbul Bilgi University as a professor of International Relations, with a focus on Turkish politics and the Balkans. She was also the Dean of the Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, and from 1999 to 2005 she was the Vice-Rector of the university.

Dr. Ian O. Lesser

Dr. Ian O. Lesser is executive director of  the German Marshall Fund (GMF) Brussels Office and of the Transatlantic Center. He is senior director for foreign and security policy at GMF, leading the institution's work on the Mediterranean, Turkey, and the wider Atlantic. Lesser is also a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, the International Institute for Strategic Studies, and the Pacific Council on International Policy. Prior to joining GMF, Lesser was vice president and director of studies at the Pacific Council on International Policy.  He came to the Pacific Council from RAND, where he spent over a decade as a senior analyst and research manager specializing in strategic studies.

Dr. Gerard Libaridian

Dr. Gerard Libaridian is a historian who served as senior advisor to the first president of independent Armenia, between 1991 and 1997. He also served as First Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1993 to 1994. He was, for eleven years, Alex Manoogian Professor of Modern Armenian History at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, until his retirement in 2012, to devote his time to writing. Libaridian taught previously at a number of universities, and has lectured and written extensively on Armenia-Turkey and Armenian-Turkish relations. His most recent works are The Challenge of Statehood (1999, published also in Turkish), and Modern Armenia, (2004).

Ambassador Faruk Loğoğlu

Ambassador Faruk Loğoğlu is currently a member of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey. Appointed as Turkey’s Ambassador to Denmark and later to Azerbaijan, Loğoğlu became deputy undersecretary for multilateral political affairs in 1998. He then served as undersecretary of the Foreign Ministry until his posting as Ambassador of Turkey to Washington (2001-06). He retired in 2006 after 35 years in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Ambassador Loğoğlu served as president of the think-tank the Eurasian Strategic Studies Center (ASAM) and as deputy chairman of the Turkish National Commission for UNESCO (2006-10). Elected to the Parliament from Adana in June 2011, he served as a member of the Foreign Relations Committee. He was the Vice-Chairman of the Republican People’s Party (CHP) in charge of foreign relations (2011-14). He is also the author of İsmet İnönü and the Making of Modern Turkey and of numerous articles on foreign affairs.

Dr. İlber Ortaylı

Dr. İlber Ortaylı is a Turkish historian, professor of history at the Galatasaray University in Istanbul and at Bilkent University in Ankara. He was director of the Topkapı Museum in Istanbul from 2005 to 2012. He was the head of the administrative history section at Ankara University between 1989 and 2002. Ortaylı also lectured as visiting scholar in various international universities, including: Wien, Berlin, Princeton, Moscow, Rome, Munich, Sofia, Oxford, and Cambridge Universities. He is a board member of the International Committee of Ottoman Studies and a member of the Societas Iranologica Europea.

Dr. Soli Özel

Dr. Soli Özel is a professor of International Relations at Kadir Has University in Istanbul. He is also director of the foreign news section in the daily newspaper Haber Türk. He has been an advisor to the chairperson of TUSIAD on foreign policy issues for the past 17 years. He is a regular contributor to German Marshall Fund’s web site’s “ON Turkey” series and writes a bimonthly column for Italy’s Espresso magazine. He was previously the editor of Private View, the journal of Turkish Industrialists’ and Businessmen’s Association (TUSIAD) and the editor of the Turkish edition of Foreign Policy, published in the USA by the Carnegie Endowment. 

Ambassador Marc Pierini

Ambassador Marc Pierini is a visiting scholar at Carnegie Europe, where his research focuses on developments in the Middle East and Turkey from a European perspective. Pierini was a career EU diplomat from 1976 to 2012. He was EU ambassador and head of delegation to Turkey from 2006 to 2011. Previously, Pierini was EU ambassador to Tunisia and Libya from 2002 and 2006; Syria from 1998 to 2002; and Morocco from 1991 to 1995. He also served as the first coordinator for the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership, or the Barcelona Process, from 1995 to 1998 and was the main negotiator for the release of the Bulgarian hostages from Libya from 2004 to 2007. Pierini currently serves on the International Council of the Museum of European and Mediterranean Civilisations (MuCEM) in Marseille.

Ambassador Namık Tan

Ambassador Namık Tan is the Chairman of Generali Sigorta and a member of the board of STFA Group. He served as Spokesman of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Turkey (2004-2007), Ambassador to Israel (2007-2009) and Ambassador to the US (2010-2014). 

Eka Tkeshelashvili

Eka Tkeshelashvili is the President of the Georgian Institute for Strategic Studies. As an independent consultant, she helps companies operating in Georgia, or willing to invest in the region, in political risk assessment and legal analysis as well as in advancing their strategic communications. She was the Vice Prime-Minister, State Minister of Georgia for Reintegration and in this role she oversaw the implementation of state policy towards the occupied territories of Georgia and the national policy on minority integration. She previously served as Secretary of the National Security Council of Georgia after serving as Minister of Foreign Affairs, Prosecutor General and Georgia’s Minister of Justice. Mrs Tkeshelashvili was also the chairperson of the Tbilisi Appeals Court.

Prof. Dr. İlter Turan

Prof. Dr. İlter Turan is Emeritus professor of Political Science in the Department of International Relations at Istanbul Bilgi University. He was Rector of Bilgi University from 1998 to 2001. Previously, he has served as professor at Koç (1993-98) and Istanbul (1964-1993) Universities, and held visiting appointments at various American and British universities. Turan was the president of the Turkish Political Science Association (2000-9), Member of the Executive Committee and Vice President of the International Political Science Association (2000-6) and the Program Chair of the 21st World Congress of Political Science, Santiago, Chile in July 2009. He is a senior columnist for the economics daily Dünya and serves on the board of several foundations and corporations.

From the Desk of the Editor This issue of TPQ takes up a myriad of issues that the Middle East is grappling with today: from protracted conflicts and the increasing complexity of proxy wars, to changing regional blocs and emerging powers. The Arab uprisings of 2011 remain an important fulcrum for the changing political landscape of the Middle East, and as many of our authors contend, the underlying problems and basic drivers...