Independent and cutting-edge analysis on Turkey and its neighborhood

Whose Neighborhood?: Power and Value Struggles in Europe’s East, Winter 2014

Whose Neighborhood?: Power and Value Struggles in Europe’s East, Winter 2014

This issue of Turkish Policy Quarterly (TPQ) focuses on the geopolitical contests and clashes of visions in the common neighborhood of the EU, Russia, and Turkey. Besides featuring critical analysis on the divergence of identity conceptions and political values within this wider region, various dimensions of ongoing power struggles are assessed, including energy security, cyber security, elections, and revolutions.  

Nigâr Göksel | 05 February 2014

Interview with Toomas Hendrik Ilves: The Choice to be European, Winter 2014

Interview with Toomas Hendrik Ilves: The Choice to be European, Winter 2014

In an exclusive interview with TPQ, the President of Estonia shares his perspectives on issues ranging from cyber security to transatlantic relations and the dynamics of the Eastern Neighborhood of the EU. He underlines his conviction that all nations are capable of democracy and points out that Estonia serves as an example to prove that democratic reforms, carried through with persistence and principle, can change the fate of a state and a nation. However, the President also points out that...

Toomas Hendrik Ilves | 05 February 2014

What is Next for NATO?, Winter 2014

What is Next for NATO?, Winter 2014

Throughout the last 65 years of NATO history, the focus of the Alliance has evolved and adapted to its geopolitical environment; this is no different today. NATO’s strength and capabilities are inherently based on forming, sustaining, equipping, and training an adaptive force where the only constant in the geopolitical terrain is change. The security climate in locations such as the Middle East, Afghanistan, Africa, and the Balkans continues to shift and evolve around us, demanding our...

Philip M. Breedlove | 05 February 2014

A Shared Neighborhood, Winter 2014

A Shared Neighborhood, Winter 2014

The worrying events in Kiev have shown us that peace and stability in Eastern Europe should not be taken for granted; on the contrary, they should be carefully fostered and protected. Both Turkey and Romania wish to have a stable and prosperous common neighborhood. These two countries’ common approach toward European principles and ideals, which are also those promoted through the Eastern Partnership. This article focuses on the Eastern Partnership and the EU’s efforts in driving...

George Ciamba | 05 February 2014

Russia and Turkey: Reformatting the Partnership, Winter 2014

Russia and Turkey: Reformatting the Partnership, Winter 2014

Despite their sharp disagreements over the civil war in Syria, Russia and Turkey have managed to strengthen bilateral ties, primarily through top-level diplomacy executed by President Putin and Prime Minister Erdoğan. Energy matters, which used to constitute the central element of the relationship, have lost much of their urgency as new supply sources have transformed the global energy market. Bracketing out disagreements, Turkey and Russia seek to use their cooperation for achieving a more...

Pavel K. Baev | 05 February 2014

After Vilnius: The Future of EU-Ukraine Relations, Winter 2014

After Vilnius: The Future of EU-Ukraine Relations, Winter 2014

Almost three months ago, Ukrainian’s took to the streets following the decision of their government to freeze the signing of an Association and Trade Agreement with the EU. While the protests began as a result of this decision they rapidly became focused on democracy, freedoms, human rights, and corruption. The Ukrainian authorities responded to the peaceful protests with violence which led to several deaths and brought the country to the brink of civil war. Today a standoff remains...

Amanda Paul | 05 February 2014

European Values and Continental Geopolitics, Winter 2014

European Values and Continental Geopolitics, Winter 2014

Discussing EU policy and leverage in its Eastern neighborhood, Knaus argues that the EU should support the democratization of all of its eastern neighbors. For the people of these countries to be able to choose their future, the EU should oppose Russian interference and blackmail in its neighbors. The continental fault-line today is between societies that aspire to defend and respect the values of liberal democracy, and those who do not. Theories of civilization have nothing to do with this, he...

Gerald Knaus | 05 February 2014

Will Shale Energy Remake U.S. Foreign Policy?, Winter 2014

Will Shale Energy Remake U.S. Foreign Policy?, Winter 2014

The American shale oil and gas boom has crowned the U.S. as an emerging energy superpower. This development is beginning to influence U.S. strategic posture in the Middle East and Central Asia. But given the early state of knowledge and technology, it is premature to determine if the shale boom is a temporary bubble or rather is a lasting event capable of scaling up beyond the boundaries of North America and reshaping the world energy outlook. Until more clarity is reached the Middle East,...

Gal Luft | 05 February 2014

Turkey: A Regional Gas Hub?, Winter 2014

Turkey: A Regional Gas Hub?, Winter 2014

This article aims to explore the real potential of Turkey to become a regional natural gas hub by focusing on the current situation of gas producing countries around Turkey, and then moving to the future prospects of gas cooperation in the region. To this end, the article provides an assessment of both the current situation and future outlook of gas markets in Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan, Iraq, Iran, Israel, and Cyprus, subsequently providing a discussion of the future prospects of the Southern Gas...

Simone Tagliapietra | 05 February 2014

Seized and Missed Opportunities in Vilnius, Winter 2014

Seized and Missed Opportunities in Vilnius, Winter 2014

This article examines the significance, outcomes, and implications of the third Eastern Partnership summit of the EU, which was held on 28-29 November 2013 in the Lithuanian capital of Vilnius. Despite the significant progress in the partnerships of Moldova and Georgia, the negative responses of Ukraine and Armenia to the possibility of adopting Association Agreements with the EU, and the lack of interest of Azerbaijan and Belarus in adopting a Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Agreement (DCFTA)...

Oktay F. Tanrısever | 05 February 2014

Armenia: Caught Between Russia and Europe, Winter 2014

Armenia: Caught Between Russia and Europe, Winter 2014

In September 2013, the Armenian President surprised many by announcing a sudden “U-turn” in Armenian policy, promising that Armenia would join Russia’s “Customs Union” project. That single decision significantly weakened the chance for an Association Agreement and related Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area Agreement between Armenia and the European Union. The impact of that unilateral decision also added a new threat to the country’s important reform...

Marine Manucharyan | 05 February 2014

Elections in Turkey: Fair or Fraud-Ridden?, Winter 2014

Elections in Turkey: Fair or Fraud-Ridden?, Winter 2014

Even though elections in Turkey are generally considered “free and fair” by the international community, there are procedures that cast a shadow of doubt. This is particularly the case regarding some practices of the Supreme Election Board (YSK) – the body responsible for the elections. At a time of dramatic political polarization, as well as three approaching elections, this article draws attention to the potential for election fraud in Turkey.    

Cem Toker | 05 February 2014

Regime Stability in Azerbaijan, Winter 2014

Regime Stability in Azerbaijan, Winter 2014

Despite predictions of a fourth wave of democratization and the assumption that socio-economic development would lead to democratization, Azerbaijan has consolidated a political system with authoritarian features. This article identifies both the domestic pillars of stability –the ability to spend, repress, and create patronage networks as a result of significant hydrocarbon revenues– and the international apathy that have produced this remarkable political stability. It concludes by...

Isabelle Langerak | 05 February 2014

PROJECT PAPER: Turkey’s Power in the Post-Soviet Region, Winter 2014

PROJECT PAPER: Turkey’s Power in the Post-Soviet Region, Winter 2014

One of the main beneficiaries of the tectonic shifts in the balance of power between key players in the post-Soviet region could be Turkey, an emerging medium-sized power. However, its influence in this region will depend on its ability to resolve considerable internal problems. Turkey’s rising influence in the region constitutes both a challenge and an opportunity for the EU. On the one hand, Turkey, alongside the U.S., is the closest and the most relevant third actor in the post-Soviet...

ECFR & demosEUROPA | 05 February 2014

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