Independent and cutting-edge analysis on global affairs
ForewordFriday, March 4, 2022
How much time is twenty years? Long enough to inspire, or short enough to be unnoticeable? Turkish Policy Quarterly (TPQ) was published for the first time in February 2002. We are celebrating its 20th anniversary with this issue. While much has...
The State of AI Policy: The Democratic Values PerspectiveThe State of AI Policy: The Democratic Values PerspectiveFriday, March 4, 2022
The past year has produced rapid changes in the world of AI policies and practices. National governments and international organizations are moving to create new frameworks to tip the balance in favor of benefits of artificial intelligence. There is...
Ethics of AI and Democracy: UNESCO Recommendation's InsightsEthics of AI and Democracy: UNESCO Recommendation's InsightsFriday, March 4, 2022
Democratic values should be safeguarded and strengthened in the digital world. Artificial Intelligence technologies have already shown immense transformative power in almost all verticals impacting humanity. Democratic values and processes are no...
People or Technology: What Drives Democracy?People or Technology: What Drives Democracy?Friday, March 4, 2022
In a democracy, the path to change must be open. This involves changing both the government and the people at the top. Change is brought about by people and thus history is not predetermined by ideologies or technological advancements. The future is...
AI Challenging Sovereignty and DemocracyAI Challenging Sovereignty and DemocracyFriday, March 4, 2022
AI is wonderful. AI is scary. AI is the path to paradise. AI, it is the path to hell.  We read about the fantastic progress and achievements of AI. It is more accurate than doctors in diagnosing eye disease.[1] Able to discover new...
What If Judges Were Replaced by AI?What If Judges Were Replaced by AI?Friday, March 4, 2022
Whilst some may argue that Judge AI may be more predictable and accurate than human judging, there are numerous questions relating to transparency in decision making, procedural justice and issues relating to substantive justice when data and systems...
Regulating and Harmonizing Biometric Ecosystems: Addresing the Full Spectrum of Risks using Global Safety Models and ControlsRegulating and Harmonizing Biometric Ecosystems: Addresing the Full Spectrum of Risks using Global Safety Models and ControlsFriday, March 4, 2022
In recent years, biometrics have been advanced by deep learning architectures and techniques, and the advances far outpace policy adaptations.[1] The full biometric ecosystem – from data collection to algorithmic quality, from the...
Governments as Regulators and Consumers of Ethical AIGovernments as Regulators and Consumers of Ethical AIFriday, March 4, 2022
Increasingly sophisticated digital technologies provide significant opportunities for governments in making consistent, informed and efficient decisions. Thus, big data, algorithms, expert systems and machine learning are increasingly used to make...
Democratizing AIDemocratizing AIFriday, March 4, 2022
It is easy to be critical of unspecified, or empirically untested relationships between AI and community,[1] and that is why in the context of trusted robotics we argue for interrogating trust reciprocation from human recipients to robots...
Artificial Intelligence, Society and DemocracyArtificial Intelligence, Society and DemocracyFriday, March 4, 2022
Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a popular, widely analyzed, and speculated area of Computer Science that has direct implications in society, through various legal, regulatory, economic, and educational dimensions. With recent developments in the...
The Democratic Need for AI as Deliberative Multimodal Systems (DEMOS)The Democratic Need for AI as Deliberative Multimodal Systems (DEMOS)Friday, March 4, 2022
Much of the recent philosophical, design and policy agendas regarding AI have been focused on democratizing AI, or opening the processes of AI development and decision-making. International cases of AI application in the governmental systems...
Setting Up an Ethical Framework as a First Step to Comprehensive Regulation of Artificial Intelligence Tools in the Justice SystemSetting Up an Ethical Framework as a First Step to Comprehensive Regulation of Artificial Intelligence Tools in the Justice SystemFriday, March 4, 2022
The World lacks a comprehensive regulation on artificial intelligence. The judicial legal systems (international, national, regional, and local) lack a comprehensive and binding regulation on artificial intelligence applicable to Courts and the...
Unpacking the EU Proposal for an AI Act: Implications for AI Systems Used in the Context of Migration, Asylum and Border Control ManagementUnpacking the EU Proposal for an AI Act: Implications for AI Systems Used in the Context of Migration, Asylum and Border Control ManagementFriday, March 4, 2022
The proposed Regulation distinguishes AI systems on the basis of the risk they pose to the fundamental rights of individuals or EU values. In light of this, according to Article 5 of the proposal, particularly harmful AI practices should be...
How Reframing Privacy Would Uphold Democracy in the Digital AgeHow Reframing Privacy Would Uphold Democracy in the Digital AgeFriday, March 4, 2022
The birth of the internet promised to bring freedom, to connect people globally, break barriers and help achieve liberty, democracy and equality. However, the digital ecosystem that we now inhabit does not deliver on...
International Cooperation on Artificial Intelligence - A Problem StatementInternational Cooperation on Artificial Intelligence - A Problem StatementFriday, March 4, 2022
International cooperation on artificial intelligence (AI) has been hailed by international organizations, multinationals developing and deploying AI, universities and regulatory bodies. Moreover, international AI cooperation encompasses two key...
Proactive Management of Creative Destruction: Transparency as a Foundational ElementProactive Management of Creative Destruction: Transparency as a Foundational ElementFriday, March 4, 2022
When entering into any kind of multi-party business relationship, transparency among all parties is critical to the success of the outcome. For example, if you want to build a house, making sure the architect, engineer, contractor, city planner,...
What Does it Mean to be a Digital Nomad?What Does it Mean to be a Digital Nomad?Friday, March 4, 2022
Nomads experience this radical freedom: they travel because they do not know what they will find. They are distinct from tourists wanting a picture of the Eiffel tower, and different from religious and spiritual travelers seeking redemption...
The AI Revolution and Democratic ValuesThe AI Revolution and Democratic ValuesFriday, March 4, 2022
AI has now become a very powerful tool that has the potential to change virtually everything around us. What makes it particularly powerful is that it can change the way we think and believe, which means that it has the power of changing our very...
Democracy, AI Regulation and the Draft EU AI ActDemocracy, AI Regulation and the Draft EU AI ActFriday, March 4, 2022
Artificial intelligence is an umbrella term for a set of technologies that can solve complex problems independently. The most recent wave of AI systems builds on advances in machine learning from the early 2010s that allowed AI systems to improve in...
Lasswell's Robots? AI and Public Service ValuesLasswell's Robots? AI and Public Service ValuesMonday, March 7, 2022
What are the possible effects that might emerge as artificial intelligence (AI) is introduced into the practice of contemporary public administration and policy analysis? The adoption of AI in the public sphere presents a number of opportunities, yet...
The Future of Resettlement: What Role for Artificial Intelligence?The Future of Resettlement: What Role for Artificial Intelligence?Friday, March 4, 2022
Artificial Intelligence (AI) can be defined as “the theory and development of computer systems able to perform tasks normally requiring human intelligence, such as visual perception, speech recognition, decision-making, and translation between...
AI and Democracy: Towards Better Public OversightAI and Democracy: Towards Better Public OversightMonday, March 7, 2022
The digital revolution is having a profound impact on society and democracy as a whole. Our democratic lives and practices have already been affected, and it may have the potential to change how we understand and practice democracy in the next five...
AI and the Future of Democratic GovernanceAI and the Future of Democratic GovernanceMonday, March 7, 2022
Data Science and Artificial Intelligence (AI), combined with other technologies such as internet platforms, smart infrastructure, and blockchain, suggest a societal shift comparable to the Industrial Revolution. The capacity to create new types of...
Kingdom Without ParadiseKingdom Without ParadiseMonday, March 7, 2022
“The Goliath of Totalitarianism will be brought down by the David of the microchip”, is what the 40th president of the United States Ronald Reagan said during his speech in June 1989, several months before the fall of the Berlin Wall in...
The Dilemma of Black Coding:  Assessing Algorithmic Discrimination Legislation in the United StatesThe Dilemma of Black Coding: Assessing Algorithmic Discrimination Legislation in the United StatesTuesday, March 8, 2022
The proliferation of algorithmic harms has become one of the most urgent civil and human rights challenges in the United States. Emerging technologies such as artificial intelligence, machine learning and similar algorithmic-driven technologies are...
How Big Data Analytics and AI can improve Public Health PoliciesHow Big Data Analytics and AI can improve Public Health PoliciesTuesday, March 8, 2022
Public health policies can be defined as a set of laws, actions, and decisions, implemented by authorities at an international, national or local level, that aim to the satisfaction of specific health goals and the promotion of common...
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Foreword Israel, formally known as "The State of Israel," was established on 14 May 1948, and has since played a pivotal role in international affairs, particularly in the politics of the Middle East and North Africa. Israel's relations with its Arab neighbors have been tense for decades, and a lasting peace has never appeared more likely. Yet, we already live in a time of perpetual change,...
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