Independent and cutting-edge analysis on Turkey and its neighborhood

Sustaining, Sharing and Securing Energy, Summer 2010

Sustaining, Sharing and Securing Energy, Summer 2010

This issue of TPQ was largely inspired by my attendance of the Azerbaijan Diplomatic Academy’s 2010 Summer School on Energy this year. In this introduction of the issue, I hope to highlight some of the interesting themes taken up by this program in Baku, and bring them into the context of recent developments in Turkey’s neighborhood and Turkey’s current role as an energy broker and consumer.  

Nigâr Göksel | 05 September 2010

Turkey's Energy Economy and Future Energy Vision, Summer 2010

Turkey's Energy Economy and Future Energy Vision, Summer 2010

Turkey will rapidly continue its endeavors towards transportation of the Caspian,Middle Eastern and Middle Asian energy resources to Europe and the world market. Moreover, Turkey will put forth its whole effort for the development of new projects through bilateral cooperation to increase prosperity and enhance the peace of the region.  

Taner Yıldız | 05 September 2010

The State of Democracy in Europe and the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe, Summer 2010

The State of Democracy in Europe and the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe, Summer 2010

The decision to bring into the Council of Europe the countries of Central and Eastern Europe after the fall of the Berlin Wall was one of the most courageous political decisions ever. Although very few people in Europe object to the idea of democracy, some of the countries that applied to join the Council of Europe had never experienced democracy in their past and very few of their people at the time knew precisely what it meant. It was not only a matter of reforming state institutions and...

Mevlüt Çavuşoğlu | 05 September 2010

The Global Energy Challenges and Turkey: Private Sector Perspective, Summer 2010

The Global Energy Challenges and Turkey: Private Sector Perspective, Summer 2010

In meeting the energy challenge, the global society has to change its current mentality of confrontation and forgo seeing international politics as zero-sum game. A logic based on collaboration and innovation and emphasis on “positive-sum game” is needed. Global society can only meet its great energy challenge through collaboration and innovation, and with the participation of market forces. Interdependence, rather than dependence should be the...

M. Rifat Hisarcıklıoğlu | 05 September 2010

A Different Perspective on Climate Changes Initiatives in the U.S., Summer 2010

A Different Perspective on Climate Changes Initiatives in the U.S., Summer 2010

This article discusses the initiatives undertaken by different levels of the U.S. government and the private sector which, according to the author, holds the potential to change energy equations. After a brief analysis on the cap and trade measure, the author lists five factors which can limit the growth of green houses gases in the U.S.  

William M. Arnold | 05 September 2010

The Claim of Turkish Economy to be a Regional Hub Through a Robust Banking Sector, Summer 2010

The Claim of Turkish Economy to be a Regional Hub Through a Robust Banking Sector, Summer 2010

Global economies have been caught in a perfect storm, which nearly devastated the international financial system. Timely and decisive intervention by governments and financial institutions helped restore stability. However, the full impact of systemic risk and of certain persistent problems has yet to be fully resolved. This paper evaluates the experience of Turkey in successfully weathering the recent crisis. It highlights the significant role played by...

Ziya Akkurt | 05 September 2010

Connecting Caspian Gas to Europe: No Large Scale Infrastructure Development in Near Future, Summer 2010

Connecting Caspian Gas to Europe: No Large Scale Infrastructure Development in Near Future, Summer 2010

There is enough natural gas in Caspian region to justify construction of the major pipelines and other elements of infrastructure to connect gas fields in Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan and Azerbaijan to Europe. The region can supply aggregate of up to 60 billion cubic meters of natural gas every year, allowing countries of Central and Eastern Europe to reduce their dependency on Russian gas and increase competition and diversity in European markets in...

Mamuka Tsereteli | 05 September 2010

Azerbaijan: Eurasia's New Energy Nexus?, Summer 2010

Azerbaijan: Eurasia's New Energy Nexus?, Summer 2010

The article discusses the rising importance of gas reserves of the Caspian region in a rapidly changing environment and analyses the role of Azerbaijan as one of the main gas producer in the region. Huge investments in exploitation and development of new gas fields in Azerbaijan might tremendously increase the figure of estimated gas reserves of the country and make Azerbaijan able to meet the actual and potential customers in mid-and long-term perspectives. Having...

Gulmira Rzayeva | 05 September 2010

Energizing the Middle East: Iran, Turkey, and Persian Gulf States, Summer 2010

Energizing the Middle East: Iran, Turkey, and Persian Gulf States, Summer 2010

Since the 1960s the Middle East has become one of the hot spots of geopolitics.The rich energy resources of the region have attracted global attention. During the Cold War, the usual suspects of the energeopolitics of the Middle East were the petroleum exporting countries of the region, the U.S. and the Soviets. With the end of the Cold War, the energy equilibrium of the region has drastically changed. China and India have appeared as rapidly industrialized powers,...

Bezen Balamir Coşkun | 05 September 2010

Energy and Turkey's Foreign Policy: The Link Between State Strategy, Regional Cooperation, and Private Sector Involvement, Summer 2010

Energy and Turkey's Foreign Policy: The Link Between State Strategy, Regional Cooperation, and Private Sector Involvement, Summer 2010

This article defines Turkey’s energy vision with regard to its foreign policy. It elaborates how the shift in Turkish foreign policy can be related to energy issues. The paper points to contradictions which would emerge from a mere political perspective that undermines the role played by energy. Turkey wants to take advantage of its geographic location, and is launching an energy agenda that requires new pipelines, regional relations and massive investments. As the...

Mert Bilgin | 05 September 2010

The U.S. South Caucasus Strategy and Azerbaijan, Summer 2010

The U.S. South Caucasus Strategy and Azerbaijan, Summer 2010

This article analyzes the evolution of U.S. foreign policy in the South Caucasus through three concepts, “soft power”, “hard power” and “smart power” which have been developed under the administrations of Bill Clinton, George W. Bush and Barack Obama respectively. The authors also aim to identify how the US strategy towards this region has been perceived in Azerbaijan, which, due to its geographical position, energy resources and...

Inessa Baban and Zaur Shiriyev | 05 September 2010

Public Protests Against Nuclear Power in Germany, Summer 2010

Public Protests Against Nuclear Power in Germany, Summer 2010

Turkey and Russia have signed an agreement committing Russian Atomstroy export to build a nuclear power plant with a capacity of 4.8 GWe on Turkey’s black sea coast. Russia will operate and fully own the facility. Politicians and businessmen present the deal as a step into a bright Turkish energy future while keeping silent to the public about the dangers and down falls nuclear power holds. Yet, Germany has a longstanding history of a diverse and strong...

Tina Flegel | 05 September 2010

Turkey's Policy Towards Armenia and Energy Security in the South Caucasus, Summer 2010

Turkey's Policy Towards Armenia and Energy Security in the South Caucasus, Summer 2010

Armenia - Turkey rapprochement is important not only for alternative regional energy solutions but also for the establishment of peace and stability in the Caucasus. The United States, in the context of President Obama’s policies emphasizing engagement rather than confrontation, has encouraged Turkey to refrain from isolating Armenia. The West is by now convinced that Azerbaijan cannot serve as an alternative to Russia for natural gas supplies. One reason for...

Hakob Chakryan | 05 September 2010

The New Azeri Gas Strategy, Summer 2010

The New Azeri Gas Strategy, Summer 2010

The global financial crisis led to a serious narrowing of the EU gas market – the main market for Azerbaijan in the future. Baku is forced to find a solution for their surplus of gas production. The Azerbaijani strategy in the gas sphere is a diversified export policy with a huge list of partners, whereby Baku has more than twenty consumers for its oil in different parts of the world, just as they have already achieved in the oil market. This article evaluates the...

Stanislav Pritchin | 05 September 2010

From the Desk of the Editor Over the last couple of years, Turkey has weathered multiples storms in close succession: two general elections that took place in a polarized political climate, an escalation of the Turkey-PKK conflict, a crisis with Russia, the 2016 failed coup attempt followed by state of emergency measures, and the continued threat of terrorist attacks. The aftermath of the constitutional referendum in April...
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