Independent and cutting-edge analysis on Turkey and its neighborhood

Turkey-U.S. Relations: Redefining and Rebuilding, Spring 2005

Turkey-U.S. Relations: Redefining and Rebuilding, Spring 2005

  The Turkey-US relationship has been very important for both sides for a long time. So much so, in fact, that perhaps the partnership was perceived as a constant in an ever changing environment. This does not mean that the relationship did not have its ups and downs in the past. One has only to recall the Johnson letter of 1964 or the US embargo on arms sales to Turkey after 1974 and Turkey’s commitment to grow opium poppy around the same time. Nonetheless, all of these proved to...

Nigâr Göksel | 05 June 2005

Pitfalls and Opportunities for the US-Turkish Alliance: An Exclusive Interview with Richard Perle, Spring 2005

Pitfalls and Opportunities for the US-Turkish Alliance: An Exclusive Interview with Richard Perle, Spring 2005

  Richard Perle is Resident Fellow at the American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research. Previously Richard Perle served as Chairman of the Defense Policy Board (2001-2003); Member of the Defense Policy Board (1987-2004); Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Policy (1981-87); and served on the US Senate Staff (1960-1980). He is a leading authority on national security, military requirements, arms proliferation, defense and regional conflicts. In our...

Nigâr Göksel | 05 June 2005

Taking a Closer Look at Turkish-American Relations, Spring 2005

Taking a Closer Look at Turkish-American Relations, Spring 2005

During the Cold War international relations, Turkey had a place, suited to its interests and policies, and could contribute to world peace effectively. The author points out that the relationship between Turkey and the US has been indexed to military relations for far too long and the US has not taken the time to understand Turkey on a multi-dimensional plane.   Click Here to read the text in full.

Mehmet Dülger | 05 June 2005

Allergic Partners: Can the Relations be Saved?, Spring 2005

Allergic Partners: Can the Relations be Saved?, Spring 2005

When Turkey’s Parliament on March 1, 2003 failed to approve the Bush Administration’s request for a “northern front” against Iraq, it became clear that the Iraq War would prove a watershed in U.S.-Turkish strategic partnership. Left unanswered at the time were fundamental questions of how relations would develop after such a shock. Two years later, the answers are largely in, and they are not reassuring. In such key areas as Iraq, defense and diplomatic cooperation,...

Mark Parris | 05 June 2005

Turkish-U.S. Relations: Convergence or Divergence?, Spring 2005

Turkish-U.S. Relations: Convergence or Divergence?, Spring 2005

Currently, the U.S. is the sole superpower and 9/11 has created a new global struggle, defined by the U.S., in which freedom and democracy confront dictatorship and terror. Taking this environment as a given, the author believes Turkey should have made it a priority to be a reliable partner to the U.S. in the past few years and questions the capability of the current government. The author also underlines the value of Turkey's relationship with Israel and puts public opinion in perspective,...

İlhan Kesici | 05 June 2005

A Comedy of Errors: American-Turkish Diplomacy and the Iraq War, Spring 2005

A Comedy of Errors: American-Turkish Diplomacy and the Iraq War, Spring 2005

  The Grand National Assembly’s failure to allow American troops to use Turkish territory to conduct military operations on Iraq was a watershed event in Turkish-American relations.  It did not occur in isolation, though, but rather was the result of diplomatic and political errors and miscalculations on both sides. Nor can the March 1 vote - or the July 4 incident - fully explain subsequent US-Turkish tension.  Irritants in bilateral relations have included misguided US...

Michael Rubin | 05 June 2005

Turkish-American Relations: Past and Future, Spring 2005

Turkish-American Relations: Past and Future, Spring 2005

Turkish-American relations are important not only for the countries themselves but also for the stability and peace in the strategic region where Turkey is located. These relations have to be strenghtened in every area possible. U.S. and Turkey should be very careful to understand each other in dealing with the problems which will inevitably arise during the process. There are sensitivities on both sides which should be approached carefully without being too assertive. Instead of blaming each...

Nuzhet Kandemir | 05 June 2005

The Road through Brussels: Cyprus on the US-Turkey Agenda, Spring 2005

The Road through Brussels: Cyprus on the US-Turkey Agenda, Spring 2005

Historically, U.S.-Turkish relations have been deeply affected by events in Cyprus ever since the 1963 crisis, and especially the 1974 coup and invasion. Since the Greek Cypriot rejection of the Annan Plan in April 2004, decades of vigorous diplomatic efforts by the U.S. State Department to resolve the Cyprus problem have ground to a near halt. Turkish and Turkish Cypriot support for the Annan Plan, which was strongly endorsed by the European Union, have also diminished the impact of Cyprus...

John Stilides | 05 June 2005

Paradigm Shift in Turkish-U.S. Relations, Spring 2005

Paradigm Shift in Turkish-U.S. Relations, Spring 2005

Turkish-U.S. relations arguably reached its highest point in 1999, highlighted by President Clinton’s five-day visit to Turkey in November of the same year. A very strong argument can be made today that in a period of five years, Turkish-U.S. relations have reached a low point, perhaps the lowest in decades. This paper analyzes how Turkey and the U.S. got to this low point, with anecdotes, relating concrete cases and highlighting examples of mismanagement and bad judgment by both Turkey...

Kemal Köprülü | 05 June 2005

The South Caucasus: Where the US and Turkey Succeeded Together, Spring 2005

The South Caucasus: Where the US and Turkey Succeeded Together, Spring 2005

As Americans and Turks discuss the ups and downs in their relationship, the strategically important South Caucasus is one area, where, working together, Turkey and the United States have helped bring about historic changes. More can be done to realize the region’s promise should the U.S. and Turkey deepen their partnership with Azerbaijan and Georgia and build on the policies that have proven to be successful. This success has been based on forward-looking pragmatism and recognition of...

Elin Suleymanov | 05 June 2005

The Role of the Armenian Issue, Spring 2005

The Role of the Armenian Issue, Spring 2005

Although several broad geopolitical issues have contributed to a fundamental shift in strategic relations between Turkey and the United States, the Armenian issue represents one of the more complex challenges facing Turkey today. Specifically, the Armenian issue comprises a daunting set of unresolved problems, ranging from the genocide issue to the Nagorno Karabagh conflict. The significance of the Armenian issue goes well beyond the confines of the Caucasus, as the current stage of...

Richard Giragosian | 05 June 2005

New Opportunities in the Caucasus, Spring 2005

New Opportunities in the Caucasus, Spring 2005

Recent trends in the Black Sea region including: Ukraine’s revolution, the impending start of Turkish-EU accession talks and  changing policies among both local Caucasian governments and the major powers and security organizations, all suggest possibilities for launching a renewed, concerted,  and multilateral initiative for the resolution of long standing disputes in the area. This essay suggests conditions necessary for beginning such an initiative and proposes that there might be ways to...

Stephen Blank | 05 June 2005

Middle Eastern Perceptions of the U.S.-Turkey Relations, Spring 2005

Middle Eastern Perceptions of the U.S.-Turkey Relations, Spring 2005

The US-Turkey relationship has been viewed with skepticism among certain actors in the Middle East.  American attempts to promote Turkey as a successful Muslim democracy has aroused criticism from regional players who argue that liberalization should emerge indigenously, and not from external initiatives. Turkey’s decision to accept an American request to deploy troops to Iraq in October 2003 was also met with a cold reception in the region. Examining the perspectives from the...

İbrahim Al-Marashi | 05 June 2005

Turkey's Search for a Third Option, Spring 2005

Turkey's Search for a Third Option, Spring 2005

The article focuses on Turkish search for a “third option,” a foreign policy that radiates greater independence and a claim for regional power status. AKP (Justice and Development Party) government, which came to power with no coherent foreign policy, has become most comfortable within the emerging “third option” framework, a move that both suits the party’s domestic internal agenda but also the needs to rediscover Turkey’s strategic assets. It is argued that Turkey’s new foreign policy line...

Anat Lapidot Firilla | 05 June 2005

Turkey's Relations with the Divided West: Changing Parameters, Spring 2005

Turkey's Relations with the Divided West: Changing Parameters, Spring 2005

Turkey has been adopting a more European perspective on a number of issues for some time; it should come as no surprise that its foreign policy will become more closely aligned with that of Paris and Berlin over the course of accession negotiations. The Atlantic divide has proven not to be a transient phenomenon and this makes it very difficult for Turkey to maintain close relations with the U.S. and pursue EU membership on complementary tracks. The EU emerges as a civilian superpower with a...

Aylin Şeker Görener | 05 June 2005

The Missing Element: Turkish Public Opinion towards the U.S., Spring 2005

The Missing Element: Turkish Public Opinion towards the U.S., Spring 2005

Recent developments in U.S.-Turkey relations, especially with regard to Turkish public opinion, have attracted the attention of decision makers. Sparked by the findings of some public opinion polls, the media has engaged in a discussion of the “anti-Americanism” of the Turkish public. This paper aims to elaborate the attitudes of the Turkish public towards the U.S., using the findings of several public opinion polls conducted recently. Polls show that anti-Americanism has increased in recent...

Emre Erdoğan | 05 June 2005

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FROM THE DESK OF THE EDITOR
From The Desk Of The Editor This issue of TPQ comes at a time when global instability is arguably at its highest point since the end of World War II. The Western-led liberal world order that emerged in its wake, anchored by NATO and bolstered by multilateral institutions such as the European Union and the World Bank is fraying, and the principles upon which the order was founded are being undermined. Furthermore, the...
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