Even though Turkey achieved remarkable results in economic growth, it needs to change its growth model for this to be sustainable. As with all emerging markets, Turkey is basically playing “catch up,” an attempt to close the gap with advanced economies. However, as the gap closes, the growth rates will decline. The main challenge for Turkey today is transitioning its growth from this catching up process to a value-added, efficient production-oriented growth. According to the author, this challenge requires Turkey to reform its education system into one that promotes critical thinking and capitalizes on the diverse strengths each student possesses. Such an education model would be the main driver in Turkey’s transition to growth based on high productivity and innovation, and would ultimately enable Turkey’s growth to be sustainable.