Independent and cutting-edge analysis on Turkey and its neighborhood
The debate of whether Russia belongs to the European civilization has been a long-running one. Russian elites have traditionally held that Russia should follow the European track of development, while the masses have held rather anti-Western views. Currently we are seeing sea changes in how the Russian elite view Russia’s geopolitical code. In foreign policy, the regional dimension is getting ahead of the global one, while the pro-Western sentiment is reversing. It is now the first time the political elite in Russia has taken the same stance as the majority of the population and is playing the anti-Western card as leverage in domestic policies. This article analyzes the evolution of Russia’s geopolitical code over the last two decades and identifies the reasons for this shift. The article also analyzes the factor of European consciousness, concluding that, failing to accept Russia, Turkey, and Israel as equal partners of the West and its outposts in advancing Western values, Europe shrank back to the mental frontiers of the Middle Age.
 
 
CONTRIBUTOR
Igor Okunev
Igor Okunev
From the Desk of the Editor This issue of TPQ comes at a time when relations between Turkey and the EU are at a historical low point. The sources of tension are manifold, and have been compounded by a constellation of transformations in Turkey, Europe, and the international system. The global upswing in far-right populist movements, isolationism, the conflict in Syria and its humanitarian crisis, and the threat of ISIS have...
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