Independent and cutting-edge analysis on global affairs

 This article investigates the effects of instability on Turkish and Iraqi bilateral foreign trade. It focuses on Turkish exports to Iraq and their fluctuations before, during and after periods of regional and global instability. We find the effects of both global and regional instability to be positive on Turkish exports to Iraq. Based on our results, trade costs of instability in Iraq need to be evaluated carefully. Policy implications suggest that a long-term and sustained stability in Iraq might be preferred to a hasty and ad hoc solution.

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Ayla Oğuş
Ayla Oğuş
Can Erbil
Can Erbil
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Foreword Following the violent dissolution of the former Yugoslavia in the 1990s, there had been a shared sense of hope for a more peaceful future for the European continent. Unfortunately, this comfortability disappeared after Russian President Vladimir Putin ordered his troops to march against the Ukrainian forces throughout the border on 24 February 2022. This marked a turning point not only for the...
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