Independent and cutting-edge analysis on Turkey and its neighborhood

The Evasive Crescent: The Role of Religion in Politics, Spring 2004

The Evasive Crescent: The Role of Religion in Politics, Spring 2004

The first issue of TPQ in 2004 focuses on religion and politics, specifically in terms of both the worldwide debate on the relationship between Islam and democracy and the role religion plays in Turkey’s quest for EU membership. Nowadays many of both Turkey’s domestic and foreign policy concerns involve religion in some form or another, for better or worse. As a candidate for the EU, Turkey anticipates beginning negotiations for full membership following the EU’s December...

Nigâr Göksel | 05 June 2004

Euro-Islam: The Quest of Islamic Migrants and of Turkey to Become European in a Secular Europe, Spring 2004

Euro-Islam: The Quest of Islamic Migrants and of Turkey to Become European in a Secular Europe, Spring 2004

This article argues that successful integration of Muslim immigrants in Europe is the ticket for Turkey's accession to the European Union. European attitudes and policies as well as the tendencies of the Muslim community in Europe are analyzed and a road map for Euro-Islamic integration is advocated.  The critical importance of secularism in Europe is underlined and means to bridge the civilizations are explored.What is Europe? What is Islam? Can both be related to one another? These...

Bassam Tibi | 05 June 2004

The Structure, Mission and Social Function of the Directorate of Religious Affairs, Spring 2004

The Structure, Mission and Social Function of the Directorate of Religious Affairs, Spring 2004

This essay dwells upon several aspects of the state-religion relation in Turkey. The author stresses that secularism and the Directorate of Religous Affairs do not contradict with one another. The author emphasizes that the Muslim society is one that generates sound knowledge, rejects misinformation and thus develops and takes knowledge as authority. He points out that the concept of ‘sound knowledge’ refers to a struggle against supersititions, errors, ignorance, injustice and religous abuse....

Ali Bardakoğlu | 05 June 2004

Political Islam, Governance and Democracy, Spring 2004

Political Islam, Governance and Democracy, Spring 2004

Islam remains a central cultural and sociopolitical force throughout the Islamic world. The success of political Islam, though varying in different Muslim countries, depends largely on its advocates’ abilities to provide pragmatic solutions to real problems facing developing Muslim countries. Islam and democracy can coexist if democratic principles, procedures, and organization are accepted as tools necessary for the resolution of differences in values, beliefs and methods among the elites and...

Ali Reza Abootalebi | 05 June 2004

On Compatibility of Islam and Democracy, Spring 2004

On Compatibility of Islam and Democracy, Spring 2004

Misunderstandings among societies and cultures are still common. The West’s view of Islam fails to see the compatibility of democracy and Muslim societies. Terrorism, too easily associated with Islam, further blurs the picture. Underdevelopment is not the fate of Muslim societies.  Prosperity, democracy and good governance can exist. Freer and more participatory structures are needed to benefit from human assets. The Turkish experience has shown that democracy and Islam are...

Reha Keskintepe | 05 June 2004

Non-Muslim Minorities in Turkey: Progress and Challenges, Spring 2004

Non-Muslim Minorities in Turkey: Progress and Challenges, Spring 2004

Turkey’s progress towards opening official accession negotiations with the EU has forced the government to confront some of the many anomalies in the state’s treatment of its non-Muslim citizens. Since it took power in November 2002, the Justice and Development Party (JDP) has established a dialogue with Turkey’s non-Muslim minorities and passed legislation to address some of their grievances. However, much still needs to be done both in terms of ensuring that they are able to enjoy the...

Gareth Jenkins | 05 June 2004

AKP and Paradox of Islamic Europhilia, Spring 2004

AKP and Paradox of Islamic Europhilia, Spring 2004

While Turkish political Islam has historically expressed its opposition to the prospect of Turkey’s full participation in a “Christian Club,” the recent EU policy of AKP has constituted a radical breach with that past: AKP is now among the staunchest supporters of Turkey’s EU integration. The AKP case is only seemingly a paradox. In fact, it is highly indicative of how ruling party agendas are modified on account of realism, expedience and external pressure. The success...

Ioannis N. Grigoriadis | 05 June 2004

The Role of Religion in Turkish Reactions to Balkan Conflicts, Spring 2004

The Role of Religion in Turkish Reactions to Balkan Conflicts, Spring 2004

The paper examines some of the different ways ‘religion’ affected Turkish responses to the ethnic tensions and conflict that have occurred in South East Europe since the end of the Cold War, focusing on the conflicts in Bosnia-Herzegovina and Kosovo, and to a lesser extent on the case of relations with Macedonia.  It seeks to provide a corrective to the tendency to make vague and often misleading generalizations about ‘religion’ in Turkey and its relevance to study...

Esra Bulut | 05 June 2004

Failure of Political Islam in Turkey, Spring 2004

Failure of Political Islam in Turkey, Spring 2004

Political Islam played an important role in the previous three decades of Turkish political life. It is now time to declare the failure of political Islam and its gradual disappearance from the Turkish political scene. The ruling party, Justice and Development, sealed the fate of political Islam after it appropriated a conservative-democrat identity. This essay deals with four key assumptions on the political Islam that may help us to understand why political Islam in Turkey is on the verge of...

Bülent Aras | 05 June 2004

Re-Socializing Religion: Islam and the New Social Contract in Turkey, Spring 2004

Re-Socializing Religion: Islam and the New Social Contract in Turkey, Spring 2004

This article discusses religion in Turkey within the context of recent domestic and international developments. The main argument is the inapplicability of the Cold War perceptions on religion in Turkey. Accordingly, different political groups and movements have been in search of a new definition for the role of Islam in domestic politics. After comparing the Cold War and post-Cold War paradigms on religion, the article ends up with the special case of the Turkish left with a special reference...

Gökhan Bacık | 05 June 2004

Can Religion Heal America’s Disadvantaged?, Spring 2004

Can Religion Heal America’s Disadvantaged?, Spring 2004

  The United States is currently debating the full-scale implementation of a piece of legislation contained in the Welfare Reform bill of 1996 that permits the direct government subsidy of religious organizations engaged in public social service delivery.  Known as Charitable Choice, this law requires state governments to consider the applications of faith-based organizations on equal footing with secular social service organizations.  The rational behind the law is to tap into the unique...

Daniel Freifeld | 05 June 2004

The Unique Role of Religion in Middle Eastern Ethnic Conflict: A Large-N Study, Spring 2004

The Unique Role of Religion in Middle Eastern Ethnic Conflict: A Large-N Study, Spring 2004

There has always been a common perception that religion and politics are particularly and uniquely intertwined in Middle Eastern culture. While the anecdotal evidence for this perception is overwhelming, there have been few cross-sectional, large-n studies which have attempted to confirm this perception and explain why this close connection between religion and politics in the Middle East exists. Accordingly, this study uses the Minorities at Risk dataset to test this perception with regard to...

Jonathan Fox | 05 June 2004

Public Opinion: Pulse of Turkey, Spring 2004

Public Opinion: Pulse of Turkey, Spring 2004

  STRATEJ İ|GfK (previously STRATEJ İ|MORI), since 1994 has sought to track the attitudes of Turkey’s population of 18 years and older towards political, social and economic developments. The main results of January 2004 survey, realized in 20 provinces in urban and rural regions of Turkey with 1689 respondents are presented below.    Please click here to read the text in full.

Strateji Gfk | 05 June 2004

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