Independent and cutting-edge analysis on Turkey and its neighborhood

European Foreign Policy, Winter 2003

European Foreign Policy, Winter 2003

  In our final issue of 2003, TPQ is concluding a very important year for Turkey.  From the US to Iraq to Cyprus to the EU to terrorism at home, it has been a monumental year for Turkey.  However, in this issue we are also looking forward at the major issues of 2004, which of course will include the December 2004 EU summit deciding the fate of Turkish accession negotiations.  We focus on the development of a European Union foreign policy doctrine, addressing this topic in...

Nigâr Göksel | 05 February 2004

The Added Value of Turkish Membership to European Foreign Policy, Winter 2003

The Added Value of Turkish Membership to European Foreign Policy, Winter 2003

The EU is  working on formulating a Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) that is not "unique" or "single" ,but "common". This is a sine qua non if Europe aims to be recognised as an eminent global actor. Currently EU’s foreign policy lacks leverage and influence, and needs to be redressed. The enlargementof the EU needs to be evaluated in terms of its positive impact on the above mentioned issues. In this framework, Turkey is a country that can make...

Oğuz Demiralp | 05 February 2004

EU-Turkey: A Good Match?, Winter 2003

EU-Turkey: A Good Match?, Winter 2003

As the European Council in December 2004 nears, Vice-President of the European Parliament makes note of the progress Turkey has made while frankly pointing out the areas where Turkey still falls short of fulfiling the political criteria, emphasizing that Turkey is treated equally with the other candidate countries. Recognizing that the EU has an urgent need to strenghten its ability to influence the global and regional environment, Quadras notes that “the accession of a democratic,...

Alejo Vidal Quadras | 05 February 2004

Misunderstanding Turkey, Winter 2003

Misunderstanding Turkey, Winter 2003

The author of this paper points out the pragmatic nature of the Turkish public and state when it comes to domestic and regional priorities. The idea that Turkey is in search of an identity or that historical hostilities govern regional relations are some of the assumptions which Mango believes lead to a misunderstanding of Turkey. Analyzing historical and domestic developments in this light, the paper puts forth that Turkey’s decisions are dictated primarily by the search for ...

Andrew Mango | 05 February 2004

Of Chaos and Power: Will Europe Become a Strategic Community?, Winter 2003

Of Chaos and Power: Will Europe Become a Strategic Community?, Winter 2003

The debate on European security entered a new stage  with the strategy paper entitled “A secure Europe in a better world” submitted by the High Representative Javier Solana and adopted by the Brussels Summit in December 2003. The objective of this paper is to conceptualize the Union’s strategic posture. As such it is really the first step towards a strategic community, a dimension which had been lacking in the EU. The paper sets out a number of proposals for enabling the Union to play a more...

Sinan Ülgen | 05 February 2004

Turkey and the EU: Bringing Together a Regional Power and a Global Actor, Winter 2003

Turkey and the EU: Bringing Together a Regional Power and a Global Actor, Winter 2003

This article focuses on the parallel evolution of the foreign policies of Turkey and the European Union. It assesses to what extent it is possible to make compatible Turkey’s role as a regional power with EU’s plans of becoming a global and united international actor. The concept of ‘Europeanising Turkey’s Foreign Policy’ appears as an interesting option and the article attempts to apply it to the policies towards the Balkans, Russia, Central Asia and the Middle...

Eduard Soler I Lecha | 05 February 2004

Turkey is European For Europe's Sake, Winter 2003

Turkey is European For Europe's Sake, Winter 2003

With the December 2004 deadline approaching, the discussion on whether Turkey is European or not is one of the top items on the agenda of the European Union. There are varying responses to the question including the critical one of Valery Giscard d’Estaing stating that if Turkey were to join the European Union, she would become European, and if she were European, the Union would no longer be. There are of course different aspects to the discussion like geography and religion and this...

Kalypso Nicolaidis | 05 February 2004

The Self-Definition of Europe: Where does Turkey Stand?, Winter 2003

The Self-Definition of Europe: Where does Turkey Stand?, Winter 2003

The European wide debate over Turkish accession to the European Union reached its peak with the period prior to and following the Copenhagen Summit of 2002. This article proposes that one of the major reasons behind the acceleration of the debate has been the self-definition process of Europe precipitated with the developments in the international system with the Iraq war and the final stages of enlargement to Central, Eastern and Southern Europe with the exception of Turkey who is yet to start...

Senem Aydın | 05 February 2004

Turkey and the Middle East after September 11: The Importance of the EU Dimension, Winter 2003

Turkey and the Middle East after September 11: The Importance of the EU Dimension, Winter 2003

The tragic events of September 11th may have added a new dimension to Turkey’s global significance which had decreased with the ending of the Cold War. This article discusses whether Turkey can be defined as a benign regional power and how the course of events starting from 1999, such as the capture of the terrorist leader Abdullah Ocalan and the declaration of Turkey as a candidate for EU membership have contributed to Turkey’s constructive role in the region. The changing nature of US-Turkish...

Ziya Onis | 05 February 2004

Europe and Iranian Questions, Winter 2003

Europe and Iranian Questions, Winter 2003

Iran is becoming the number one agenda item of the international agenda. This paper explores the relationship between three dimensions of the topic:  Iran’s  quest for nuclear weapons, internal dynamics of the regime, and Transatlantic relations as they relate to Iran. The inherent conflicts between approaches towards Iran are taken up in light of the impact to domestic reforms and potential security threats.  Everts outlines the consequences for Europe of the various ...

Steven Everts | 05 February 2004

United States and Turkey in 2004: Time to Look North, Winter 2003

United States and Turkey in 2004: Time to Look North, Winter 2003

While Turkey prepares for a make or break year with the European Union (EU), perhaps a not less important issue for Ankara is its relationship with Washington.  Over the past year, U.S.-Turkish relationship has undergone some serious challenges.  Despite the positive developments of the past months, today Ankara and Washington still do not appear to be on the same page when it comes to Iraq or their vision of the Middle East.  Then, it seems that if the U.S.-Turkish relationship...

Soner Çağaptay | 05 February 2004

Turkey and Caucasus at the Edge of EU and NATO Enlargement, Winter 2003

Turkey and Caucasus at the Edge of EU and NATO Enlargement, Winter 2003

Turkey's pursuit of the EU membership and the process of the Caucasus' integration into the Euro-Atlantic structures are parallel, though unrelated tracks. Yet Europe, whose presence in the strategically important Caucasus region is still less than adequate, could only benefit by enlisting Turkey as its member and arm in the Caucasus.  Ankara, too, should build up on its successful partnership with the pro-Western Azerbaijan and Georgia and see it as a benefit for its EU membership...

Taleh Ziyadov & Elin Suleymanov | 05 February 2004

Turkey-EU Relations: A Geopolitic Examination, Winter 2003

Turkey-EU Relations: A Geopolitic Examination, Winter 2003

The EU which is defined by its own officials, as ‘a superpower under construction’ will have to deal with a series of challenges after the enlargement process is over. It will have economic, political-institutional, cultural-social and geopolitical challenges. The author of this paper argues that given these problems that lie ahead of the EU and the Customs Union Agreement that has virtually caused Turkey to be reduced to a colony, Turkey stands no chance of joining the EU in the next 20 years...

Ümit Özdağ | 05 February 2004

Europe and Israel: What Went Wrong?, Winter 2003

Europe and Israel: What Went Wrong?, Winter 2003

In analysing the Euro-Israeli relationship, the author takes up the historical, cultural, and strategic perspectives,  as well as the the various policy-making constituencies (executive, legislative, media, or business) and the complex, and often diverging processes of formulating official policy and public opinion at the national or the E.U. level. Finally, the United States’ role as a dominant global player and evolving relationship with both Europe and Israel are taken into...

Dimitris Keridis | 05 February 2004

Public Opinion: Pulse of Turkey, Winter 2003

Public Opinion: Pulse of Turkey, Winter 2003

  STRATEJİ |GfK (previously STRATEJİ |MORI), since 1994 has sought to track the attitudes of Turkey’s population of 18 years and older towards political, social and economic developments. The main results of December 2003 survey, realized in 20 provinces in urban and rural regions of Turkey with 1690 people are presented below.   Please click here to read the text in full.

Strateji Gfk | 05 February 2004

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FROM THE DESK OF THE EDITOR
From The Desk Of The Editor This issue of TPQ comes at a time when global instability is arguably at its highest point since the end of World War II. The Western-led liberal world order that emerged in its wake, anchored by NATO and bolstered by multilateral institutions such as the European Union and the World Bank is fraying, and the principles upon which the order was founded are being undermined. Furthermore, the...
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