Independent and cutting-edge analysis on Turkey and its neighborhood

From the Desk of the Editor

From the Desk of the Editor

We are proud to present our readers with this special issue of TPQ, published in collaboration with Atlantic Council IN TURKEY, which revolves around energy dynamics in Turkey and its neighborhood, in the context of a shifting geopolitical landscape. This issue’s authors evaluate key trends and drivers that are shaping the regional energy landscape—from the Caspian to the Mediterranean—and their wider implications for stability and prosperity. Our authors also share their...

Süreya Martha Köprülü | 27 November 2018

Foreword by Atlantic Council

Foreword by Atlantic Council

  Dear Friends and Colleagues, It is with great pleasure that the Atlantic Council launches this special issue with Turkish Policy Quarterly (TPQ) to explore Turkey’s energy sector prospects. I would like to thank TPQ for the opportunity to cooperate on and highlight this important topic. The energy sector is one of the main locomotives of the Turkish economy with significant strategic implications. In 2010, the Atlantic Council began its work in Turkey through the Atlantic...

Defne Arslan | 28 November 2018

Energy Transition in Turkey

Energy Transition in Turkey

Turkey has undergone a major transition in its energy market between 2002 and 2017. During this period, the government focused on regulation and policymaking and made great strides in market reforms and investments in the renewable energy sector. After 16 years, the government announced a new transition period by presenting the National Energy and Mining Policy (NEMP). This policy is a set of objectives and goals based on three main pillars: security of supply, localization, and predictability...

Alparslan Bayraktar | 27 November 2018

Energy Abundance, Security & Diplomacy: The US Approach

Energy Abundance, Security & Diplomacy: The US Approach

US foreign policy has long recognized the centrality of energy to international economic development, peace, and security. President Trump’s National Security Strategy builds on this tradition while focusing on three areas: export promotion, energy access, and energy security. In each of these areas, America seeks to broaden the economic and social benefits of free, fair, and transparent energy markets and to oppose those who would use market power to advance malign political...

Sandra Oudkirk | 27 November 2018

The Legacy of the Southern Gas Corridor

The Legacy of the Southern Gas Corridor

In an exclusive interview conducted by Ellen Scholl, Deputy Director of the Atlantic Council's Global Energy Center, Ambassador Richard Morningstar reflects on his contributions to US energy policy in the Caspian region, which resulted in the realization of the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceylan pipeline. Ambassador Morningstar also touches on the importance of the Southern Gas Corridor for European energy security and major breakthroughs in the development of the Trans-Anatolian Natural Gas Pipeline...

Richard Morningstar | 27 November 2018

TANAP: An Influencer Well Beyond Energy

TANAP: An Influencer Well Beyond Energy

The enduring importance of the Turkey-Azerbaijan relationship is anchored in a shared history, as well as economic, cultural, and political ties. In particular, joint energy projects have played a large role in deepening relations and consolidating mutual interdependence between Ankara and Baku. The launching of the Trans-Anatolian Natural Gas Pipeline (TANAP) in the summer of 2018 represents a milestone in that regard. In this article, the author argues that TANAP’s influence goes well...

Khazar Ibrahim | 27 November 2018

Renewable Energy Investment in Turkey: Between Aspiration and Endurance

Renewable Energy Investment in Turkey: Between Aspiration and Endurance

Turkey is endowed with some of the richest and most diverse renewable energy resources in the world. These resources are well-suited to help address some of the country’s most compelling energy security, sustainability, and fiscal challenges, but a stable economic and policy environment is necessary. The challenging financial conditions of 2018, combined with a still-evolving policy framework for renewable energy, calls into question whether the country’s explosive renewable energy...

David Livingston | 27 November 2018

The Importance of Natural Gas to Turkey’s Energy and Economic Future

The Importance of Natural Gas to Turkey’s Energy and Economic Future

This article outlines the policies and pathways Turkey might take to enhance the role of natural gas in its energy future and Turkey’s role as a gas bridge between Asia and Europe. Building on existing progress to liberalize the Turkish natural gas and power markets, a number of additional investments and significant market reforms remain before the preconditions for a competitive natural gas exchange are in place. The benefits of a natural gas hub to Turkey are discussed.

Melanie Kenderdine | 27 November 2018

East Med Energy: Restoring Squandered Opportunities

East Med Energy: Restoring Squandered Opportunities

At beginning of this decade, natural gas prospects in the Eastern Mediterranean generated geopolitical optimism about potential new patterns of regional cooperation that might catalyze a Cyprus settlement, improve Arab-Israeli relations, and provide new gas supplies for Turkey and the EU. Natural gas projects do indeed appear to be reinforcing new strategic triangles among Israel, Cyprus, and Egypt as well as Israel, Cyprus, and Greece. Turkey, however, risks being left out of the strategic mix....

Matthew J. Bryza | 27 November 2018

Eastern Mediterranean Energy: A Decade after the Major Discoveries

Eastern Mediterranean Energy: A Decade after the Major Discoveries

In close to a decade after major natural gas discoveries in the Eastern Mediterranean, new energy volumes have increased supplies to the domestic markets in Israel and Egypt and modest export to Jordan is planned to begin in 2020. Important steps have been taken to advance energy trade between countries of the region, yet there is little credence to the expectation that gas can catalyze peace in the Eastern Mediterranean. While new energy resources provide many benefits to the region, they have...

Brenda Shaffer | 27 November 2018

Turkey and the Kurdistan Region of Iraq: Strained Energy Relations

Turkey and the Kurdistan Region of Iraq: Strained Energy Relations

Since the Kurdistan Regional Government's (KRG) referendum on independence in 2017, relations between Erbil and Ankara have soured; this poses a challenge to the Kurdistan Region of Iraq (KRI) which remains extremely dependent on oil and gas exports to Turkey.The aftermath of the referendum caused a major collapse of both KRI oil exports and revenues, and, although there has been some recovery since then, output remains far short of the KRG’s pre-referendum aspirations. Meanwhile, the...

John M. Roberts | 27 November 2018

A New Strategy for EU-Turkey Energy Cooperation

A New Strategy for EU-Turkey Energy Cooperation

Energy cooperation could be one of the few components of the EU-Turkey Positive Agenda, as strong mutual interests encourage cooperation even during politically difficult times. However, the energy part of the Positive Agenda arguably requires a rethink. Over the last decades, gas and electricity have represented the main components of this cooperation. Albeit highly visible, cooperation in these fields appears to be limited in practice. On the contrary, cooperation in other...

Simone Tagliapietra | 27 November 2018

Turkey’s Energy Future Calls for Innovation and Efficiency

Turkey’s Energy Future Calls for Innovation and Efficiency

An inclusive set of critical principles and policies for countries are critical for the future of the energy industry. Dow’s Energy Plan is following the conserve, optimize, accelerate, and transition (COAT) approach that will help us create a platform for a more sustainable energy plan in the future, which is also converging with Turkey's National Energy and Mining Policy that was declared in 2017. Energy efficiency is a critical component for Turkey to increase its...

Luciano Poli | 27 November 2018

Turkey & Iran: Energy, Economy and Politics in the Face of Sanctions

Turkey & Iran: Energy, Economy and Politics in the Face of Sanctions

While Turkey and Iran have long been geopolitical antagonists, the two countries have a history of prioritizing their bilateral economic relations. One of the main driving forces for cooperation between Turkey and Iran is trade in the energy sector; Turkey buys large amounts of oil and gas from Iran despite political, military, and diplomatic divergences. Particularly, in recent years, Iran’s strong economic links with Turkey have played a crucial role in reducing the economic pressure of...

Ellen Wald | 27 November 2018

From the Desk of the Editor We are proud to present our readers with this special issue of TPQ, published in collaboration with Atlantic Council IN TURKEY, which revolves around energy dynamics in Turkey and its neighborhood, in the context of a shifting geopolitical landscape. This issue’s authors evaluate key trends and drivers that are shaping the regional energy landscape—from the Caspian to the...
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