Independent and cutting-edge analysis on Turkey and its neighborhood

From the Desk of the Editor

From the Desk of the Editor

TPQ’s Summer 2018 issue marks the 11th annual edition that we are publishing with the support of NATO’s Public Diplomacy Division. This long-standing partnership has helped TPQ in its efforts to feature nuanced and diverse opinions on the security policy challenges facing Turkey, the region, and the transatlantic community. Over the years, we have had the privilege of bringing the perspectives of the previous three NATO Secretary Generals, as well as the current Secretary General...

Süreya Martha Köprülü | 28 September 2018

The Ocean: A New Idea for our World

The Ocean: A New Idea for our World

The ocean is our life source: Our environment, our economy, and even our health depend on it. Over half of the world’s population lives within 60 kilometers of the coast and more than three billion people get their main sources of protein from the oceans. Yet, with the rise of marine pollution, climate change, and overfishing, the life of the oceans is under threat. Protecting our oceans requires the collective action of the international community to find a global solution.  While...

Prince Albert II of Monaco | 28 September 2018

NATO Delivers: Toward a Faster, Stronger Alliance

NATO Delivers: Toward a Faster, Stronger Alliance

Although NATO Allies sometimes have differences, including on issues related to trade and climate change, we stand united in supporting our founding aim: To defend each other and our nearly one billion citizens. Transatlantic unity on defense and security-related matters, coupled with NATO’s ability to adapt to changing security challenges, has enabled the Alliance to keep the peace in Europe for nearly 70 years. At the Brussels Summit in July 2018, a number of key decisions were made that...

Rose Gottemoeller | 28 September 2018

Turkey’s Relations with NATO & Russia: A Foreign Policy Impasse?

Turkey’s Relations with NATO & Russia: A Foreign Policy Impasse?

Turkey’s role and its commitment to NATO have frequently been questioned in Euro-Atlantic circles. A steadily growing relationship between Turkey and Russia in the last two years is a major concern for the North Atlantic Alliance and its members, particularly for the US. The question circling is whether Turkey is drifting apart from NATO and looking for a new kind of security relationship with Russia. Turkey’s national defense strategy still relies fundamentally on its...

Ünal Çeviköz | 28 September 2018

Turkey: The NATO Alliance’s Wild Card

Turkey: The NATO Alliance’s Wild Card

Turbulent relations between Turkey and its Western allies, as well as the country’s drift into the arms of Russia, are putting strains on the NATO alliance and raising questions about Turkey’s role within it. A Turkish exit from NATO, previously considered out of the realm of possibility, is now an option [YA1] that is gaining currency. In this article, the author explores the scenario of a Turkish exit from NATO, weighing the strategic benefits and drawbacks that would affect...

Francesco M. Bongiovanni | 28 September 2018

The Unique Nature of Modernizing the Customs Union

The Unique Nature of Modernizing the Customs Union

Amidst serious strain in the Turkey-EU relationship, the Customs Union remains one of the only instruments for sustaining a collaborative framework between the two parties. This article highlights the unique nature of modernizing the existing Customs Union within the context of the transactional relationship between Turkey and the European Union by indicating the reasons for its viability. Following a brief history of the modernization in Turkey, the potential benefits of the modernization are...

Nilgün Arısan Eralp | 28 September 2018

The Art of Making Critical Decisions

The Art of Making Critical Decisions

The ability to make sound and critical decisions is a key determinant of leadership mettle. In this article, the author relays his personal experience with making prudent decisions, highlighting two rules of thumb that come particularly in handy. The first rule is to focus on the big picture, which entails identifying what the aim and destination of your personal journey is. The second rule is to link your decisions to a reference point, by which the author means your values, ethics, and point...

Agah Uğur | 28 September 2018

Oil Price Volatility: Causes, Consequences, and Remedies

Oil Price Volatility: Causes, Consequences, and Remedies

This article analyzes why unplanned disruptions of world oil supplies hurt the world economy. In the past, relatively small outages have caused large oil price spikes that rippled through economies and caused long-lasting harm, slashing worldwide economic growth, and causing a recession in OECD countries. Strategic oil reserves that can replace lost oil supplies, are the only effective defense system against oil supply disruptions. Turkey is also vulnerable to these disruptions due to its oil...

Carmine Difiglio | 28 September 2018

The Logic of Secrecy: Digital Surveillance in Turkey and Russia

The Logic of Secrecy: Digital Surveillance in Turkey and Russia

Turkey and Russia have been developing comparable approaches to digital surveillance.  The advent of Internet Communication Technologies (ICTs) and social media platforms have enabled significantly increased systematic state surveillance. From the state’s perspective, data-centric digital surveillance is required for two reasons. First, the extent and depth at which terrorist organizations and criminal groups use these platforms for recruitment, logistics, and planning. Second, this...

Akın Ünver | 28 September 2018

Powerful Ties: EU-Turkey Energy Relations

Powerful Ties: EU-Turkey Energy Relations

Turkey’s role as a gas corridor to the EU is developing rapidly, but the impact on wider relations between the country and the bloc appears muted. While long-term gas pipeline projects may be overshadowed by the current tensions regarding gas exploration and exploitation in disputed areas offshore Cyprus, other energy projects could bridge the gap. On the other hand, Turkey, as a hydrocarbons-poor country, is pushing to develop green energies. This opens up another area for cooperation...

Suzanne Carlson | 28 September 2018

The Economic Thucydides Trap between China and the US

The Economic Thucydides Trap between China and the US

There is a looming China-US trade war, which carries important implications for both countries’ economies and the global economy. Although US President Donald Trump has a consistent position against the trade deficit, the more important reasons underlying US trade actions are attributed to corporate China’s rise in innovation and its increasing global competitiveness. The US side views this through the lens of an economic Thucydides Trap, which postulates that China’s waxing...

Jiong Gong | 28 September 2018

Our Time Has Come: How India is Making Its Place in the World by Alyssa Ayres

Our Time Has Come: How India is Making Its Place in the World by Alyssa Ayres

In Our Time Has Come, Alyssa Ayres lays out the story of India’s economic liberalization and its concurrent rise as a major power with regional and global ambitions. Ayres provides the background to the story by charting out the historical legacy that shapes Indian policy today. In the first part of the book, Ayres includes a brief economic history of India, followed by a history of India’s economic transition in the second part. Finally, in the third part, Ayres tackles...

Günay Kayarlar | 28 September 2018

From the Desk of the Editor TPQ’s Summer 2018 issue marks the 11th annual edition that we are publishing with the support of NATO’s Public Diplomacy Division. This long-standing partnership has helped TPQ in its efforts to feature nuanced and diverse opinions on the security policy challenges facing Turkey, the region, and the transatlantic community. Over the years, we have had the privilege of bringing the...
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