Independent and cutting-edge analysis on Turkey and its neighborhood

From The Desk Of The Editor

From The Desk Of The Editor

This issue of TPQ comes at a time when global instability is arguably at its highest point since the end of World War II. The Western-led liberal world order that emerged in its wake, anchored by NATO and bolstered by multilateral institutions such as the European Union and the World Bank is fraying, and the principles upon which the order was founded are being undermined. Furthermore, the predominance of populist rhetoric is swinging the political pendulum in an illiberal direction.

Süreya Martha Köprülü | 16 June 2017

NATO’S Ongoing Adaptability Amidst Rising Security Challenges

NATO’S Ongoing Adaptability Amidst Rising Security Challenges

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) is the most successful alliance in history because of its ability to adapt as the world changes. Today NATO faces the most serious security challenges in a generation. These challenges are complex and are evolving. They include terrorism and instability in its southern neighborhood, Russia’s aggressive actions in Ukraine and elsewhere, as well as cyber attacks and hybrid warfare. This article outlines the specific steps NATO has taken in recent...

Tacan Ildem | 16 June 2017

Resetting The Turkey-EU Relationship

Resetting The Turkey-EU Relationship

Turkey-EU relations are going through a difficult period, which is not a new feature per se as they have been through many different stages. However, the present situation is unsustainable. The accession process continues to stall due to political obstacles and can proceed only if the Cyprus issue is resolved. As accession is the dominant feature, this situation poisons the overall relationship. While the migration crisis brought the two sides closer, the July 15th coup attempt in Turkey and its...

Selim Yenel | 16 June 2017

Tackling Populism In Europe With A New Form Of Public Diplomacy

Tackling Populism In Europe With A New Form Of Public Diplomacy

Western pluralistic democracies as we know them seem to be dissolving. Even before Brexit, the idea of “Europeanness” was being questioned. But what is weakening European democracies, and who is attacking it? Do we need less integration in Europe just because transnational democracy is not possible anymore? Or is the crisis mainly rooted in the weakness to fight populism? How much is the political leadership and the establishment responsible? How can cross-border actors and modern...

Bernd Hüttemann | 16 June 2017

Pulling The EU Out Of Its Existential Crisis

Pulling The EU Out Of Its Existential Crisis

The EU, as a promising peace project, is viewed as the cornerstone of European stability and prosperity. However, the reputation of the EU today is not the same as before. Currently, the EU faces a range of challenges resulting from within and outside the continent. Among the most prominent are the economic crisis, irregular migration, the rise in extremist movements, and Brexit. The founding principles of the EU are also being tested in response to these crises. Several critical issues are...

Sebahat Demirci | 16 June 2017

The Future Of Europe’s Defense: NATO Or An EU Army?

The Future Of Europe’s Defense: NATO Or An EU Army?

For some time, Europeans have been dreaming of developing their own security and defense policy, backed up by a European military independent from the US, which Western Europe had to rely on during the Cold War.  Europe did succeed  in developing the Common Defense and Security Policy (CDSP), which focused on crisis management and peace operations based on soft power (although not   as effective globally as expected), simultaneously enhancing Europe’s military...

Şafak Oğuz | 16 June 2017

Russia’s “Post-West World Order”: Why Turkey Matters

Russia’s “Post-West World Order”: Why Turkey Matters

The majority of the 26-year contemporary Russia-West relationship has been a mixed bag of mutual accusations, occasional crises, and rocky cooperation. What Russian President Vladimir Putin called the “Crimea Spring” of 2014 dramatically shifted Russia’s political thinking regarding its relations with the West, and set the course of the country’s foreign policy toward ensuring a “post-West world order.” The contours of the “new world” are merely...

Maxim A. Suchkov | 16 June 2017

Trump’s First 100 Days And US-Turkey Relations

Trump’s First 100 Days And US-Turkey Relations

US President Donald Trump’s potential to unravel traditional American foreign policy through his own robust personal style has rattled not only Washington, but also American allies around the globe. Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, in contrast, has seized this opportunity to court Trump and his administration with the prospect of renewing vows between the two strategic NATO allies after a falling out with the US towards the end of the Obama administration. However, while Erdoğan and...

Megan Gisclon | 16 June 2017

Turkey Under Cyber Fire

Turkey Under Cyber Fire

The theater of cyberwar is changing and evolving by the minute. New threats, new attacks, and new actors are emerging daily, with Turkey likely being both the target and the attacker in many cyber attacks. Its young population, the nation’s increasing use of technology, and growing nationalist ideas could place Turkish hackers as one of the main actors in the global cyberwar. However, a number of factors could doom Turkey to only have several different cyber militias, rather than a well...

Alper Başaran | 16 June 2017

Populism And Closing Civic Space: A Post-Truth Challenge

Populism And Closing Civic Space: A Post-Truth Challenge

The ongoing surge of right-wing populism and the post-truth environment in Europe and the US have cast a global threat to civic space. Recent developments in national and international politics render us, citizens of the world, incapable of fully enjoying our rights to free assembly, protest, travel, or simply to speak out. This narrowing trend revives discriminatory debates over refugees, minorities, and racism, and is reinforced by populist leaders speaking “for the people.” The...

Hilal Tekmen | 16 June 2017

The New Turks: How The Influx Of Syrians Is Changing Turkey

The New Turks: How The Influx Of Syrians Is Changing Turkey

There are more than three million Syrians living in Turkey today. This demographic shift is quickly changing the economic and political landscape across the Turkey-Syria border. In the decades to come, Turkey will have to integrate a sizable, mostly urban, Arabic-speaking minority. This paper traces the nascent social, political, and economic dynamics of this process. We identify aspects of the Syrian experience in Turkey that resemble the waves of post-World War II immigration to Europe, most...

Selim Koru and Omar Kadkoy | 16 June 2017

Shifting Balances Of Power In The Syrian Conflict

Shifting Balances Of Power In The Syrian Conflict

The question of the Kurdish state and natural gas pipeline proposals are at the core of the power struggle among states key to Middle Eastern stability and global balance. The various friendship-hostility configurations among the US, Russia, Turkey, Syria, and Iran are analyzed to present how changes in the direction of the conflict and cooperation disturb the regional balance of power in the Syrian conflict. Given the stable hostility between the US and Russia, and the stable friendship between...

Serdar Ş. Güner & Dilan E. Koç | 16 June 2017

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