Independent and cutting-edge analysis on Turkey and its neighborhood

From the Desk of the Editor

From the Desk of the Editor

This issue of TPQ explores many of these pressing, transatlantic challenges: from the global fight against ISIL to the ongoing conflict in Ukraine, and from information warfare to energy security and geopolitics. Confronting hybrid threats of concern to the entire international community is one of the key themes highlighted in this issue. In assessing the increasingly complex security landscape, our authors take stock of the pitfalls and opportunities for leadership efforts on the international,...

Süreya Martha Köprülü | 11 December 2015

Interview with Jens Stoltenberg: NATO-Russia Relations & Regional Instability

Interview with Jens Stoltenberg: NATO-Russia Relations & Regional Instability

In an exclusive interview with TPQ, NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg elaborates on a range of issues related to the Alliance’s adaptability to the changing security environment, from tensions with Russia and the situation in Ukraine to combating hybrid warfare. Commenting on Russia’s entry into the Syrian conflict, Stoltenberg emphasizes that this move increases instability in the region and adversely affects the fight against ISIL. While NATO is focusing much of its efforts...

Jens Stoltenberg | 11 December 2015

The Separation of Church and State Under the “Islamist Protocol”

The Separation of Church and State  Under the “Islamist Protocol”

The debate over the separation of Church and State (Church used here in its generic meaning of established religion or religions) in the Islamic context recently gained momentum in the face of devastating and increasingly violent terrorist attacks around the world, including in Western societies home to significant Muslim minorities. In this article, the author traces the roots of Islamic extremism to fundamentally show that Islamism as an ideology is a politically motivated distortion that is...

Lotfi Maktouf | 11 December 2015

NATO: An Alliance in the Midst of Information Wars

NATO: An Alliance in the Midst of Information Wars

As famously stated by 18th century Prussian military strategist Carl von Clausewitz, each era has its own kind of war, its own peculiar preconceptions, and its own limiting conditions. This is particularly true in the current environment in which the word “hybrid” has taken on new and increasingly complex meanings, whether it is the new communications environment in which we live today or a new type of warfare on and outside of the traditional battlefields. These new hybrid...

Barbora Maronkova | 13 December 2015

Hybrid War & the Eastern Partnership: Waiting for a Correlation

Hybrid War & the Eastern Partnership: Waiting for a Correlation

Following Russia’s actions in Ukraine, the discourse of “hybrid warfare” became a hotly debated topic among political experts. While not new for practitioners, the scale and scope of this hybrid war, as well as the unpreparedness of EU member states and their partners, resulted in the need to face new challenges and to address unknown threats that cannot be addressed by single actors. In this article, the author analyzes the ways hybrid warfare targets the Eastern Partnership...

Hanna Shelest | 13 December 2015

TANAP and the Semi-Encirclement of Iran: Progress and Paradoxes in Turkey’s Energy Diplomacy

TANAP and the Semi-Encirclement of Iran: Progress and Paradoxes in Turkey’s Energy Diplomacy

The Trans-Anatolian Natural Gas Pipeline (TANAP) will alleviate Turkey’s considerable dependence on its geopolitical rival Russia for natural gas imports. Ankara’s energy diplomacy to secure suppliers for TANAP besides its partner Azerbaijan has also succeeded in creating a framework to contain the influence of Turkey’s other geopolitical rival and second largest gas supplier: Iran. Turkey’s efforts to secure gas supplies from the Kurdistan Regional Government in Iraq and...

Micha'el Tanchum | 13 December 2015

Turkey’s Natural Gas Strategy: Balancing Geopolitical Goals & Market Realities

Turkey’s Natural Gas Strategy: Balancing Geopolitical Goals & Market Realities

Turkey’s rapidly growing natural gas demand, favorable geostrategic position, and desire to become a regional energy hub have put gas at the forefront of Turkey’s energy strategy. But because the country is highly dependent on a few providers for its supply, energy security has become a hot topic in Turkey over the past decade. Due to the nature of most natural gas projects, these conversations tend to be strongly interconnected with foreign policy issues and geopolitical...

Emre Tunçalp | 13 December 2015

Regional Implications of the Al Qaeda-ISIL Struggle

Regional Implications of the Al Qaeda-ISIL Struggle

The competition between Al Qaeda and ISIL over the leadership of the global jihadist movement has already changed security parameters for the Middle East. Moreover, the presence of Al Qaeda and ISIL affiliates in the North Caucasus and Georgia’s Pankisi Gorge may pose a threat to the Caucasian states and Russia if worsening economic and social conditions ease the recruitment process of radical militants. This article focuses on the competitive struggle over resources and dominance between...

Kristine Margvelashvili & Z. Aslı Elitsoy | 13 December 2015

Disrupting ISIL Governance

Disrupting ISIL Governance

The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) manages to control vast territories in Iraq and Syria despite proclaimed international efforts to damage its structure. ISIL’s insurgency has come to a point where it exercises governance in controlled territories and is able to provide state-like services to the population living under its rule. Combating ISIL has been so far focused on targeted killings of its senior cadres or restraining it from launching more large-scale offensives. This...

Tomáš Kaválek | 13 December 2015

Where is the Black Sea Region in Turkey’s Foreign Policy?

Where is the Black Sea Region in Turkey’s Foreign Policy?

?Black Sea regional analyses often assume that Turkey holds the role of a regional leader pursuing its intra-regional interests. In contrast to this perspective, this article will present evidence verifying an absence of a Black Sea regional conception in Turkey’s foreign policy. It will show how Turkey’s vision related to the Black Sea is limited to maritime security and control of the Turkish Straits. As this study reveals, even if Turkey perceives itself as a regional leader, this...

Sophia Petriashvili | 13 December 2015

The Leadership Landscape in the Mediterranean

The Leadership Landscape in the Mediterranean

Societies around the shores of the Mediterranean have evolved in different trajectories, thereby exhibiting different political cultures and regimes. Still, several similarities persist, which include patrimonial tendencies, clientelism of different forms, and leadership styles, among others. Accordingly, new actors have emerged and leadership paradigms have been challenged. However, this process has neither been consistent nor powerful enough to overcome entrenched habits. In this article, the...

Stefanos Vallianatos | 13 December 2015

TPQ Event Analysis: Regional Natural Gas Game-Changers: Securing Supplies amid Volatility

TPQ Event Analysis: Regional Natural Gas Game-Changers: Securing Supplies amid Volatility

TPQ convened a discussion this Fall to discuss the shuffling natural gas landscape amid increasing geopolitical volatility. The speakers highlighted the importance of the Southern Gas Corridor (SGC) for the EU’s diversification goals in light of the need to decrease its dependence on Russian natural gas imports. To that same end, the building of pipeline interconnections between member states was identified as a means to strengthen the EU’s internal energy market. The speakers of the...

Turkish Policy Quarterly | 13 December 2015

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FROM THE DESK OF THE EDITOR
From The Desk Of The Editor This issue of TPQ comes at a time when global instability is arguably at its highest point since the end of World War II. The Western-led liberal world order that emerged in its wake, anchored by NATO and bolstered by multilateral institutions such as the European Union and the World Bank is fraying, and the principles upon which the order was founded are being undermined. Furthermore, the...
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