Independent and cutting-edge analysis on Turkey and its neighborhood

Turkey and its Neighborhood: Trending East or West?, Spring 2013

Turkey and its Neighborhood: Trending East or West?, Spring 2013

In this issue of TPQ, we explore the different factors affecting a  push and pull  of forces between  East and  West, as experienced on Europe’s periphery. Besides dissecting schisms between East and West, we also examine the ongoing integration between them – through migration, economic interdependence, intellectual exchange, and other consequences of globalization.  

Nigâr Göksel | 05 June 2013

Interview with Mikheil Saakashvili: Georgia's Westward March, Spring 2013

Interview with Mikheil Saakashvili: Georgia's Westward March, Spring 2013

Georgia’s geographic location can also be seen as a chance, as a gateway for European influence towards Asia and a pivotal element of an East-West corridor that is decisive for Europe in terms of energy transit obviously, but in many other ways too... Georgia expanded the geographic horizons of the West – a geopolitical sphere defined by rule of law, efficient government and open society, democratic elections and periodic change of government within a clearly identified institutional...

Mikheil Saakashvili | 05 June 2013

Ukraine in a Broader Transatlantic Context, Spring 2013

Ukraine in a Broader Transatlantic Context, Spring 2013

In 2013 Ukraine holds the OSCE chairmanship. Ukraine considers this as an important opportunity to make a solid contribution to strengthening security and promoting stability from Vancouver to Vladivostok. As OSCE Chair, Ukraine looks forward to working with Turkey and all our OSCE partners in building a free, democratic, common, and indivisible Euro-Atlantic and Eurasian security community. Another important milestone ahead for Ukraine is the Third Eastern Partnership Summit to be held in...

Leonid Kozhara | 05 June 2013

Between Rhetoric and Reality: Turkey’s Foreign Policy, Spring 2013

Between Rhetoric and Reality: Turkey’s Foreign Policy, Spring 2013

Turkey’s relationship with the U.S. seems firmly cemented on a leadership level, but Turkey’s bid to join its neighbors in the West –the European Union– is not flourishing. The EU has recently taken proactive steps as a way to reignite the stalled accession talks. However, the shared concern over a fragile and explosive Middle East has drawn attention away from the reforms Turkey needs to deliver domestically if it wants to join the Union. This regional shadow is...

Marietje Schaake | 05 June 2013

Erdoğan and His Armenian Problem, Spring 2013

Erdoğan and His Armenian Problem, Spring 2013

This article examines the history of how Turkish leaders –the current Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan in particular– have tried to deal with the Armenian Question.  Erdoğan,  due  to  his  own  political  philosophy,  rooted  in  Islamic conservatism had the chance to recognize and denounce the mistreatment of the Armenians at the hands of the Ittihadists, since the latter’s policies had nothing to do with religion, but...

Gerard J. Libaridian | 05 June 2013

The New Dimensions of Russia’s Geopolitical Code, Spring 2013

The New Dimensions of Russia’s Geopolitical Code, Spring 2013

The debate of whether Russia belongs to the European civilization has been a long-running one. Russian elites have traditionally held that Russia should follow the European track of development, while the masses have held rather anti-Western views. Currently we are seeing sea changes in how the Russian elite view Russia’s geopolitical code. In foreign policy, the regional dimension is getting ahead of the global one, while the pro-Western sentiment is reversing. It is now the first time...

Igor Okunev | 05 June 2013

The Iranian Revolution and Political Realism, Spring 2013

The Iranian Revolution and Political Realism, Spring 2013

While there have been junctures over the past couple of decades at which one would have expected Tehran and Washington to resume diplomatic ties, for reasons rooted in Iran’s internal political infighting as well as the interests of other regional powers, this has not happened. In the past few years Iran has been the focus of international attention due to its uranium enrichment, claimed by many in the West to be the prelude to nuclear armament. This article reviews the parameters of...

Farid Mirbagheri | 05 June 2013

The Obama - Erdoğan Partnership over Syria: Advancing Western Values?, Spring 2013

The Obama - Erdoğan Partnership over Syria: Advancing Western Values?, Spring 2013

Two years into the Syrian Civil War, the U.S. and Turkey have been closely coordinating their efforts to bring about regime change in Damascus. But this policy of regime change in a neighboring country is fraught with grave dangers both for Turkey and the U.S. Not only does this ongoing war threaten Turkey’s carefully nurtured image of a stable country, but the further radicalization of the armed opposition groups cast aside the hopes of a pluralistic post-Assad Syria. Ankara’s...

Halil Karaveli | 05 June 2013

Armenia’s Choice – Will it be Russia or the EU? And Why it Should Matter to the West, Spring 2013

Armenia’s Choice – Will it be Russia or the EU? And Why it Should Matter to the West, Spring 2013

President Serzh Sargysan has been pursuing a multi-vector policy between Europe and Russia, but he will soon have to make a choice. Since the presidential elections in February 2013, internal pressure on the president has been mounting. The country’s economy is languishing. The government is corrupt and only pays lip service to democratic reform. Armenia needs to choose between Russia’s Customs Union and the EU’s Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area (DCFTA). The West also...

Anna Borshchevskaya | 05 June 2013

The Upheavals in Libya and Syria, and Their Impact on “Responsibility to Protect” Doctrine, Spring 2013

The Upheavals in Libya and Syria, and Their Impact on “Responsibility to Protect” Doctrine, Spring 2013

The Arab Spring offers a unique prism to look into the changing status quo in world affairs and the role of UN Security Council. The broad international consensus on the threat of atrocity crimes in Libya allowed, for a short period, to further the “Responsibility to Protect” doctrine in applied international politics. However, the aftermath of the Libyan campaign, as well as the continuing civil war in Syria, have cooled down this optimism. How the situation in Syria will evolve now...

Hovhannes Nikoghosyan | 05 June 2013

Hatay: The Syrian Crisis and a Case of Turkish Economic Resilience, Spring 2013

Hatay: The Syrian Crisis and a Case of Turkish Economic Resilience, Spring 2013

Turkey’s southern province of Hatay has been deeply affected by the turmoil in Syria since April 2011. But, remarkably, despite damage in some areas, and new tensions after border car bombings in early 2013, Hatay’s story is still reflecting Turkish economic flexibility and resilience. One reason is that the Turkey-Syria trade boom was too new to have put down deep roots. Secondly, Hatay business people found new opportunities in the Syrian crisis. Thirdly, whereas Syria’s GDP...

Didem Collinsworth | 05 June 2013

The End of Turkey’s Europeanization?, Spring 2013

The End of Turkey’s Europeanization?, Spring 2013

Turkey’s Europeanization process has lost its dynamism since late 2005 at least partly because of the EU’s ambiguous attitude toward Turkish membership, which damaged the EU’s credibility and therefore the legitimacy underpinning its policy of democracy promotion. This article critically examines the evolution of Turkey’s accession to the EU, and the latter’s performance in democracy promotion. After a brief review of EU formal reports and declarations, the article...

Tuba Eldem | 05 June 2013

A More “Virtual” Turkey? Globalization, Europe, and the Quest for a Multi-Track Foreign Policy, Spring 2013

A More “Virtual” Turkey? Globalization, Europe, and the Quest for a Multi-Track Foreign Policy, Spring 2013

Turkish foreign policy is assertive, active and even overly proactive in some areas. It has a substantial soft-power contribution to stability, with an important economic dimension. The politics of identity pursued by AKP, revolving around conservative democracy, enabled the expansion of Turkey’s economic and political space in the region. There is an opportunity provided by the dynamics of globalization for developing countries to step up to a most central global role. In light of the...

Sotiris Serbos | 05 June 2013

“Us versus Them, Over and Over Again…?” National Identity Contestation in Turkey’s EU Stalemate, Spring 2013

“Us versus Them, Over and Over Again…?” National Identity Contestation in Turkey’s EU Stalemate, Spring 2013

This article argues that a central reason for Turkey’s EU stalemate can be located in domestic debates over what constitutes an appropriate definition of Turkish national identity. Three oft-cited understandings of Turkish identity –Pan-Turkism, Kemalism, and Islamist Ottoman-nationalism– all have components that are incompatible with EU accession criteria. This article demonstrates how each understanding of “Turkishness” has obstructed Turkey’s EU membership...

Lisel Hintz | 05 June 2013

Turkish Migration Policy over the Last Decade: A Gradual Shift Towards Better Management and Good Governance, Spring 2013

Turkish Migration Policy over the Last Decade: A Gradual Shift Towards Better Management and Good Governance, Spring 2013

The EU integration process and single party rule have been instrumental in the past decade of Turkey’s migration policy reforms. However, related changes started before AKP rule, and have continued beyond the period in which the EU process had momentum in Turkey, suggesting that this transformation has taken on a life of its own. The adoption of the law on Foreigners and International Protection in April 2013 is a case in point. The restructuring of the Turkish migration policy has been...

Seçil Paçacı Elitok | 05 June 2013

Turkey’s Integrated Border Management Strategy, Spring 2013

Turkey’s Integrated Border Management Strategy, Spring 2013

This article assesses Turkey’s integrated border management strategy in the course of its EU accession process. When considering Turkey’s border management, the issue is not only Turkey’s integration with the EU, but also how regulations among various institutions can be integrated. There are a number of different domestic institutions that are responsible for different issues in relation to border management. Integrated border management requires intra and inter-institutional...

Deniz Sert | 05 June 2013

Changing Diaspora Politics of Turkey and Public Diplomacy, Spring 2013

Changing Diaspora Politics of Turkey and Public Diplomacy, Spring 2013

Turkey’s policies towards Turkish citizens who emigrated to Europe as guest workers from the early 1960s onwards incurred a first phase of change in the early 1980s. Another change of policy has been marked in the past decade, with the Turkish government’s more active efforts to develop ties with Turkish communities abroad. Institutional infrastructure set up to this end aims to establish a Turkish diaspora with common reflexes, in tune with the interests of Turkey and influencing...

O. Can Ünver | 05 June 2013

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FROM THE DESK OF THE EDITOR
From The Desk Of The Editor This issue of TPQ comes at a time when global instability is arguably at its highest point since the end of World War II. The Western-led liberal world order that emerged in its wake, anchored by NATO and bolstered by multilateral institutions such as the European Union and the World Bank is fraying, and the principles upon which the order was founded are being undermined. Furthermore, the...
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