Independent and cutting-edge analysis on Turkey and its neighborhood

Seeking Security in an Age of “Awakening”, Fall 2012

Seeking Security in an Age of “Awakening”, Fall 2012

  This issue of Turkish Policy Quarterly (TPQ) focuses on the rapid and fundamental change in the strategic map of the Middle East. In addition to examining the rise of people power and geopolitical shifts in the region, we look at energy security dynamics, Turkey’s foreign policy priorities and its ever-evolving relations within the Euro-Atlantic alliance. The arc of NATO’s role in the region, topical developments of the “Arab uprisings,”...

Nigâr Göksel | 05 December 2012

Interview with Anders Fogh Rasmussen, Fall 2012

Interview with Anders Fogh Rasmussen, Fall 2012

In this exclusive interview with TPQ, the Honorable Secretary General provides an overview of the major developments of the past two years in Turkey’s neighborhood, including the Libya operation and the crisis in Syria, and assesses NATO’s stance thereof. He points out that unlike in the Libya case, there has not been a united response from the international community or a UNSC mandate in the case of Syria. Emphasizing NATO’s open door policy, he...

Anders Fogh Rasmussen | 05 December 2012

Interview with Taner Yıldız, Fall 2012

Interview with Taner Yıldız, Fall 2012

  Turkey has been considered the most trustworthy country by investors for the past ten years. With the energy sector becoming a significant factor in the expansion of the Turkish economy, domestic and foreign investors’ interest in this sector is growing, which is a reflection of Turkey’s political and economic stability within the energy sector. Turkey is rising to the status of a regional leader in energy by the realization of the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan...

Taner Yıldız | 05 December 2012

France and Turkey: New Horizons for a Long-Standing Relationship, Fall 2012

France and Turkey: New Horizons for a Long-Standing Relationship, Fall 2012

  The President of the French Republic has marked France’s will to establish a “stable and trusting relationship” with Turkey. This relationship should reflect the centuries-old friendship between our countries, our dense economic ties and our concurring analyses of many current issues, especially the Syrian crisis. In preparation for a visit by the President of the French Republic, I would like to encourage us here and now to drive forward our...

Laurent Fabius | 05 December 2012

Transforming the U.S.-Turkey Alliance, Fall 2012

Transforming the U.S.-Turkey Alliance, Fall 2012

  Today, significant changes within Turkey and tectonic shifts in the geopolitics of the surrounding region are casting the U.S.-Turkish alliance in a new light. Senator John McCain outlines these changes, explains that the strategic interests of the two countries are highly complementary at this time of turbulence in the Middle East, and presents a vision for the two countries to invest in each other’s success. The Senator also notes the importance of Turkey...

John McCain | 05 December 2012

Comprehensive Security in Turkey: The Rise of a Social Democratic Alternative, Fall 2012

Comprehensive Security in Turkey: The Rise of a Social Democratic Alternative, Fall 2012

  Kemal Kılıçdaroğlu’s ascent to the leadership of the Republican People’s Party (CHP) in May 2010 represents the rise of a social democratic challenge to the current securitized policy discourse and practice in Turkey. CHP’s recent attempts to balance state and human security have the potential to institutionalize a comprehensive security approach that is in line with worldwide developments. CHP’s comprehensive security framework,...

Aykan Erdemir | 05 December 2012

NATO and Energy Securıty: Infrastructure Protection and Beyond, Fall 2012

NATO and Energy Securıty: Infrastructure Protection and Beyond, Fall 2012

  Over the past years, energy security has turned into a major theme of the international security debate. As an Alliance that provides protection for almost 900 million citizens, NATO has a legitimate role to play in energy security. Defining the exact nature of this role proved difficult at first, as there were concerns by some Allies about unduly “militarizing” an essentially economic issue. But energy security is becoming firmly embedded in...

Michael Rühle & Julijus Grubliauskas | 05 December 2012

European Defense in the Age of Austerity: Meeting the EU Level of Ambition, Fall 2012

European Defense in the Age of Austerity: Meeting the EU Level of Ambition, Fall 2012

  During the Chicago NATO Summit 2012 which was held between the 20th and the 21st of May, one of the main issues discussed was how to meet the level of defense capabilities needed in the age of austerity. Solutions proposed regarding the balance of the costs of the defense of Europe are referred to in NATO as “smart defense”, while the discussion within the EU is of “pooling” and “sharing”. The discussion is related to the level...

Iulian Chifu | 05 December 2012

What Went Wrong with the “Zero Problem with Neighbors” Doctrine?, Fall 2012

What Went Wrong with the “Zero Problem with Neighbors” Doctrine?, Fall 2012

  With the “Arab Spring”, long-standing institutional structures have turned upside down both within the region and in Turkey’s relations with the regional states. Turkey’s “zero problem” doctrine has been called into question ever since the demonstrations in Syria have turned into violent clashes between the supporters of Assad’s regime and the protestors, leading Turkey to take on a tough stance against the Syrian regime,...

Mustafa Kibaroğlu | 05 December 2012

Sino-U.S. Rivalry in Southeast Asia, Fall 2012

Sino-U.S. Rivalry in Southeast Asia, Fall 2012

The rise of China as a regional and global power has been unprecedented in world history. It has elevated itself from an utterly impoverished agrarian society to one of the most powerful economies, advancing the world towards a multipolar system. On one hand, the United States continues to see China as an opportunity for economic cooperation to resuscitate its hard-hit economy; on the other hand, it pursues an “anti-China Containment” policy to counter any...

Raja Muhammad Khan | 05 December 2012

Assessing the Impact of Track Two Initiatives on the Nagorno-Karabakh Peace Process, Fall 2012

Assessing the Impact of Track Two Initiatives on the Nagorno-Karabakh Peace Process, Fall 2012

  Despite the twenty-year-long OSCE Minsk Group’s mediation efforts concerning the Armenian-Azerbaijani conflict over Nagorno-Karabakh, so far no tangible results have been achieved  in  the  official  negotiation  process. Meanwhile, various local and international actors have also undertaken a number of non-official (Track Two) initiatives with regard to this conflict. This article explores these Track Two diplomacy initiatives and...

Gulshan Pashayeva | 05 December 2012

A “Kurdish Reset”: Erdoğan’s Last Chance?, Fall 2012

A “Kurdish Reset”: Erdoğan’s Last Chance?, Fall 2012

  The recent resurgence of PKK violence, coupled by a noticeable lag in the constitutional reform process, has led critics to assume that Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan’s promises to the Kurds, Turkey’s largest minority population, were insincere. Since June 2011, over 800 people have died in renewed clashes in southeastern Turkey, and the unresolved “Kurdish Problem” threatens the premier’s credibility. This paper explores the...

Gabriel Mitchell | 05 December 2012

Turkey’s Syria Problem: A Talking Timeline of Events, Fall 2012

Turkey’s Syria Problem: A Talking Timeline of Events, Fall 2012

  This article analyzes the stages of the Syrian crisis’ escalation and the various Turkish reactions. Each stage of Turkey’s management of the crisis reveals certain features of its foreign policy. By examining its reactions throughout crisis we can observe the gap between the capabilities and aspirations of Turkish foreign policy. The result is a “talking timeline of events” which shows that the Syrian crisis has been a “reality...

Zenonas Tziarras | 05 December 2012

Turkey’s Foreign Policy in the AKP Era: Has There Been a Shift in the Axis?, Fall 2012

Turkey’s Foreign Policy in the AKP Era: Has There Been a Shift in the Axis?, Fall 2012

  Considered to be merely reactionary at the beginning of the past century, Turk-ish foreign policy has undergone an important transformation in the past decade, making Turkey an influential actor in regional as well as world politics. As a result of this transformation initiated by the AKP government, observers have noticed a shift in Turkey’s foreign policy from the West to the East. However, as this article will try to demonstrate, neither is the West an...

Laura Batalla Adam | 05 December 2012

An Alliance between Greece, Turkey, and Israel?, Fall 2012

An Alliance between Greece, Turkey, and Israel?, Fall 2012

  This article attempts to present an overview of the relations between three key players in the Mediterranean, offering proposals for ending regional disputes and creating a legitimate partnership which will be referred to as the “Triad Strategic Alliance” between Greece, Turkey, and Israel. This triad has strong incentives to come together, since the three countries face many shared emerging threats and challenges.    

Marios P. Efthymiopoulos | 05 December 2012

Why So Much Stability? An Overview of the Azerbaijani Political System, Fall 2012

Why So Much Stability? An Overview of the Azerbaijani Political System, Fall 2012

  Despite recent upheavals in the Middle East and the celebration of what has been called the “fourth wave of democracy,” some countries still couple authoritarian rule with a high degree of stability. In the South Caucasus region, Azerbaijan represents a paradigmatic case. This article identifies and discusses two main reasons that contribute to the surprising stability of Aliyev’s regime: the persistence of strong informal institutions...

Andrea Filetti | 05 December 2012

TPQ Roundtable: The New Game of Energy in Turkey and its Neighborhood, Fall 2012

TPQ Roundtable: The New Game of Energy in Turkey and its Neighborhood, Fall 2012

  On 31 October 2012, Turkish Policy Quarterly (TPQ), in conjunction with the Friedrich Naumann Foundation (FNF), hosted a roundtable discussion on the evolving dynamics of energy politics in Turkey’s neighborhood, which took place in Istanbul. The discussion aimed at enlightening how Ankara is playing its geo -strategic hand in relation to the energy power play, how the European Union’s common energy policy is evolving, and how the prospective pipelines...

Turkish Policy Quarterly | 05 December 2012

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