Independent and cutting-edge analysis on Turkey and its neighborhood

From the Caspian to the Mediterranean: Securing Energy and Protecting the Environment, Summer 2012

From the Caspian to the Mediterranean: Securing Energy and Protecting the Environment, Summer 2012

  This issue of TPQ focuses on the interrelated themes of energy geopolitics, sustainable growth, political reform, and environmental protection in Turkey’s neighborhood, from the Caspian across the Black Sea and the Mediterranean.   

Nigâr Göksel | 05 September 2012

The Mediterranean: A Symbol of the Wounds and the Hopes of Our Earth, Summer 2012

The Mediterranean: A Symbol of the Wounds and the Hopes of Our Earth, Summer 2012

  The Mediterranean has always been at the heart of major upheavals of history because of its geographical position at the crossroads of Europe, Africa, and Asia. At the present time, it epitomizes most of the dangers affecting our planet. In the Mediterranean, every landscape reminds us of the legacy for which we act as guardians. I believe that none of us can ignore this compelling duty that makes us a mere bridge between the generations that have come...

Prince Albert II of Monaco | 05 September 2012

Cities and Sustainability, Summer 2012

Cities and Sustainability, Summer 2012

  Cities play a crucial role in the successful implementation of sustainable development policies. The Metropolitan Mayor of Istanbul outlines the steps taken to render this important city more environment-friendly – from protection of water resources to energy conservation. Besides pointing out the responsibilities of local governments in protecting cultural heritage and developing skills relevant to urban living and productivity, the Mayor underlines the...

Kadir Topbaş | 05 September 2012

Turkey’s Economic Development in the Last Decade, Policy Issues and the CHP Perspective, Summer 2012

Turkey’s Economic Development in the Last Decade, Policy Issues and the CHP Perspective, Summer 2012

  During the last decade in which the AKP government has been in power, the Turkish economy’s average growth rate was relatively high but not above the long run historic level. A structurally high current account deficit, excessive reliance on one time revenues, fundamental weaknesses in the social and governance domains curtail Turkey’s development prospects. The CHP puts forward a potent sustainable alternative strategy based on a coherent set...

Faik Öztrak | 05 September 2012

Turkey’s Dramatic Shift toward Iraqi Kurdistan: Politics before Peace Pipelines, Summer 2012

Turkey’s Dramatic Shift toward Iraqi Kurdistan: Politics before Peace Pipelines, Summer 2012

Ankara’s dramatic and positive shift toward Erbil is driven primarily by its aim to elevate its credentials as an energy transit hub, but is also in line with the AKP’s policies towards the domestic Kurdish issue. Regardless of the position of Washington, Ankara and Erbil now perceive their political interests as synchronizing with their longstanding economic interests. Yet Turkish and KRG authorities must still need to take a series of bold political...

Matthew J. Bryza | 05 September 2012

Arab Spring Status Report: Where is Tunisia Heading?, Summer 2012

Arab Spring Status Report: Where is Tunisia Heading?, Summer 2012

  First it was a civil revolt carried out by an unstructured civil society movement, not inspired by any ideology or leader – not even the Islamist agenda. The months following the “Jasmine Revolution”, many were surprised by a colossal Islamist wave crystalized in the Ennahda organization. This wave, with its ferocious and unexpected might, overwhelmed the Tunisian society and institutions as only a tsunami could. Today, Tunisia is set to choose...

Lotfi Maktouf | 05 September 2012

The Southern Corridor: Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan’s Gas Legacy, Summer 2012

The Southern Corridor: Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan’s Gas Legacy, Summer 2012

  A decade or so ago, the questions of how to get the bulk of Azerbaijan’s oil and gas to Western markets led to historic decisions to build both the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan (BTC) and the Baku-Tbilisi-Erzurum (BTE) export pipelines. The need for a dedicated line to carry Azerbaijani gas across Turkey to Southern and Central European markets has been consistently underlined by SOCAR and European counterparts alike. Now the partners developing Azerbaijan’s giant Shah Deniz...

John Roberts | 05 September 2012

The New Energy Triangle of Cyprus-Greece-Israel: Casting a Net for Turkey?, Summer 2012

The New Energy Triangle of Cyprus-Greece-Israel: Casting a Net for Turkey?, Summer 2012

  A long-running speculation over massive natural gas reserves in the tumultuous area of the Southeastern Mediterranean became a reality in December 2011 and the discovery's timing along with other grave and interwoven events in the region came to create a veritable tinderbox. The classic “Rubik's cube” puzzle here is in perfect sync with the realities on the ground and how this “New Energy Triangle” (NET) of newfound and...

George Stavris | 05 September 2012

Iraq: Turkey’s Energy Trump Card, Summer 2012

Iraq: Turkey’s Energy Trump Card, Summer 2012

  Turkey’s impressive economic growth has been fueled by soaring energy consumption which is likely to continue over the years to come. However as Turkey risks to increase its current account deficit by five billion dollars with each ten dollars added to the current price of oil, its import-reliant energy bill is becoming unsustainable. Assessing domestic challenges against emerging regional and international opportunities, this article will argue that Turkey can secure more...

Aura Sabadus | 05 September 2012

Putin’s Return to Power and Medvedev’s Legacy, Summer 2012

Putin’s Return to Power and Medvedev’s Legacy, Summer 2012

  Putin’s return to the presidency has been orchestrated as the resounding confirmation of the system of creeping authoritarianism and crippling political patronage he created during his first two terms in office. It dispelled any hopes of change that many, both at home and abroad, saw in the one term presidency of Dmitri Medvedev. The article looks at the broad sweep of recent developments in Russian politics in order to extrapolate main trends, which...

Jakub Kulhanek | 05 September 2012

Mapping the American - Turkish Business Partnership: From Piri Reis to 2023, Summer 2012

Mapping the American - Turkish Business Partnership: From Piri Reis to 2023, Summer 2012

Since the 1990’s, American as well as other global firms have seen Turkey as an excellent platform from which to launch into regional markets, including Russia, Central Asia, the Middle East and Africa. U.S. firms have an opportunity to utilize their global brand power and match them with Turkey’s buoyant market and its vast growth-market oriented management and executive skills to tap both pan-regional Eurasian and global growth opportunities. In this equation, the opportunity for...

Serkan Elden & Michael A. Lally | 05 September 2012

A Complicated Decision: Why Turkey is not Likely to Follow in Iran’s Nuclear Footsteps, Summer 2012

A Complicated Decision: Why Turkey is not Likely to Follow in Iran’s Nuclear Footsteps, Summer 2012

The regional security dilemma stemming from Iran’s nuclear program has led many to speculate about whether or not Turkey will opt to pursue a nuclear weapons capability. Since 2006, Turkey has been named as one of the states likely to seek out nuclear weapons if Iran were to decide to develop its own nuclear arsenal. These assumptions, however, do not account for Ankara’s long held and consistent policies on nonproliferation and nuclear weapons. This paper explores Turkey’s...

Aaron Stein & Şebnem Udum | 05 September 2012

Between Energy and Soft Pan-Turkism: Turkey and the Turkic Republics, Summer 2012

Between Energy and Soft Pan-Turkism: Turkey and the Turkic Republics, Summer 2012

After the dissolution of the Soviet Union, Central Asia and Azerbaijan became a key arena of competition between global and regional powers in Eurasia. Though Turkey is one of the most important players in the region, it remains second rank. Due to its economic and demographic rise, however, Turkey could gain the potential necessary to become a key player in the coming years. Whether Turkey will be able to use this potential to its full extent will depend on the way it copes with several serious...

Adam Balcer | 05 September 2012

The Future of Amerıcan Investment in Post-Mubarak Egypt, Summer 2012

The Future of Amerıcan Investment in Post-Mubarak Egypt, Summer 2012

This article aims at forecasting the future of American enterprise in post-Mubarak Egypt by examining U.S. economic, political, and military interactions over the past half century in the Middle East. Egypt has been a long-time ally of the United States and this relationship has acted as a conduit between Western powers and the remaining nations of the Middle East. Since the 1979 Israeli-Egyptian Peace Treaty, the United States has helped sustain the Mubarak regime both economically and...

Spencer Smitherman & Asbed Kotchikian | 05 September 2012

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FROM THE DESK OF THE EDITOR
From The Desk Of The Editor This issue of TPQ comes at a time when global instability is arguably at its highest point since the end of World War II. The Western-led liberal world order that emerged in its wake, anchored by NATO and bolstered by multilateral institutions such as the European Union and the World Bank is fraying, and the principles upon which the order was founded are being undermined. Furthermore, the...
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