Independent and cutting-edge analysis on Turkey and its neighborhood

NATO and the New Threats, Winter 2002

NATO and the New Threats, Winter 2002

During the Cold War Turkey played a vital role, as part of the NATO Alliance, in defending southern Europe. Cold war days are happily over, but not the challenges to the security. Terrorism and the spread of weapons of mass destruction are the major new threats. Over time terrorists have gone global, have become more radical and their acts are becoming increasingly leathal. NATO is getting increasingly ready to play a role in combatting terrorism. The strategic significance of this move can not...

George Robertson | 05 February 2003

The WTO System and the Promotion of Peace, Winter 2002

The WTO System and the Promotion of Peace, Winter 2002

In a world as uncertain as ours, we need to continually build a climate for peace. WTO’s contribution is best seen in creating a rules-based system to help trade flow smoothly and a constructive and fair process for countries dealing with trade related disputes. The architects of the post second war system have firmly believed that the more countries trade, the less likely they are to war with each other. This vision has proven to be correct. Today there are “trade wars”, but...

Supachai Panitchpakdi | 05 February 2003

The EU and NATO: The Nexus of European Security, Winter 2002

The EU and NATO: The Nexus of European Security, Winter 2002

The “European defense” project suffers from a number of limitations - not just a lack of adequate resources but also conceptual flaws. It is not yet clear what fundamental common interests the EU members wish to pursue through the Common Foreign and Security Policy, and consequently through the defense instrument that should be made available by the end of 2003. This step would also help NATO better define its own missions, ensuring that the European allies enhance their...

Roberto Menotti | 05 February 2003

Turkey's Policy Towards the Middle East and the Question of Iraq, Winter 2002

Turkey's Policy Towards the Middle East and the Question of Iraq, Winter 2002

The Middle East issue and the question of Iraq have increasing been the focus of attention in the international arena. In Turkey, the debate is even more relevant and intense because we happen to be in the immediate vicinity of these problems. Whatever course of action is taken on either issue, Turkey will be significantly affected. Turkey has been seriously victimized by events and circumstances beyond its control over the past decade. During the same period, no other country in the world has...

Solmaz Ünaydın | 05 February 2003

Turkey's Security Perspectives and Perceptions, Winter 2002

Turkey's Security Perspectives and Perceptions, Winter 2002

Turkey’s security perspectives can be analysed in terms of concentric circles. The nucleus is the Turkish domestic scene, followed by her immediate security environment comprised of neighbours. Then comes the broader geography consisting of regions and countries that have indirect bearing on Turkey’s security concerns yet which have historical, cultural or ethnic affinities. Euro-Atlantic and wider frameworks of security including NATO and the EU is the following building block....

Turan Moralı | 05 February 2003

Water and Turkish Security, Winter 2002

Water and Turkish Security, Winter 2002

Over the past several years, as regional resources have declined in availability, hydro-politics has grown to dominate national security and strategic planning among countries in the Middle East. For Turkey, water is rapidly emerging as one of the most significant elements of the country’s contemporary security policy. This article examines the relationship of the water issue to Ankara’s relationship with Damascus, the problem of Kurdish terrorism, and the evolving strategic...

Ilan Berman | 05 February 2003

Regional Security: An Iranian Perspective, Winter 2002

Regional Security: An Iranian Perspective, Winter 2002

Regional security is important because we are living in a highly interdependent world and this interdependence is not just economic. Moreover there is an increasing insecurity in our region, which states and societies could not overcome just by themselves. The main challenge to regional security in our part of the world is the lack of  will to work collectively. Existence of extra-regional players is also contradictory to the spirit of regional cooperation. On the other hand, the...

Seyed Kazem Sajjadpourr | 05 February 2003

The Cyprus Dilemma, Winter 2002

The Cyprus Dilemma, Winter 2002

By 28 February, the people of Cyprus on both sides of the Green Line, as well as those in the two mainlands of Greece and Turkey are going to decide whether to proceed with the peace plan designed by the United Nations or not. If either side rejects it, then very probably Cyprus will remain a divided island for the foreseeable future and the Greek part of the island will enter the EU as a full member, while the Turkish Cypriots will remain outside it. There is no doubt that an historical...

Özdem Sanberk | 05 February 2003

The Future of NATO, Winter 2002

The Future of NATO, Winter 2002

NATO has once again a vital role to play in the new era we are in, as the security organisation of choice. Therefore, it must maintain its effectiveness across the full spectrum of its missions ranging from collective defence to crisis management. The fight agains terrorism has assumed a totally new dimension in the aftermath of September 11th. NATO should adapt its framework to effectively counter an assymmetric threat as such. Developping NATO capabilities to deal with weapons of mass...

Ahmet Üzümcü | 05 February 2003

The EU and Turkey in European Security, Winter 2002

The EU and Turkey in European Security, Winter 2002

The dangers confronting Europe today are less specific than during the cold war. Instability is the new threat and the existence of powerful international institutions is the main element against this new threat. In order to establish a post cold war cooperation framework it should be sufficient to retool and adapt the existing institutional framework by giving priority to mutual interests and shared dangers. The evolution of the ESDP throughout the last fifty years bears with itself all the...

Can Buharalı | 05 February 2003

The Future of Iraq, Winter 2002

The Future of Iraq, Winter 2002

This paper analyzes the implications of an ethnically divided Federation of Iraq. Regional implications, problems within “Kurdistan,” minority concerns and the revival of Islamism will be taken into consideration in analyzing security issues that arise vis-à-vis the creation of such an entity. Taken together, the study demonstrates that given U.S. and neighboring countries’ interests, a future Federation of Iraq based on ethnic lines would be ominous to the future of the Middle East. More...

Yola Habif | 05 February 2003

Internationalism Versus Parochialism in the Era of Globalization: Can the EU Help the Search for Security?, Winter 2002

Internationalism Versus Parochialism in the Era of Globalization: Can the EU Help the Search for Security?, Winter 2002

The purpose of this paper is to describe internationalism and parochialism and link the impact of both using the examples provided by the European Union and the Middle East in a comparative manner. Then the role of public opinion with regard to these two approaches will be examined. The paper will conclude by arguing that examples from other regions of the world suggest that states in the Middle East are more likely to develop a secure environment for themselves if they could encourage a...

Kemal Kirişçi | 05 February 2003

From the Desk of the Editor Over the last couple of years, Turkey has weathered multiples storms in close succession: two general elections that took place in a polarized political climate, an escalation of the Turkey-PKK conflict, a crisis with Russia, the 2016 failed coup attempt followed by state of emergency measures, and the continued threat of terrorist attacks. The aftermath of the constitutional referendum in April...
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