Independent and cutting-edge analysis on Turkey and its neighborhood

Opportunity Amidst Turmoil in Turkey's Neighborhood, Winter 2010

Opportunity Amidst Turmoil in Turkey's Neighborhood, Winter 2010

Since our fall issue of TPQ, a chain reaction of events in the Arab world has domi-nated debate in Turkey’s neighborhood. The toppling of the Tunisian and Egyptian leaders and waves of protest spreading to countries such as Yemen, Jordan, Libya, Bahrain, Algeria, and Iran have incited questions on whether Turkey might be a “model” for the Muslim Middle East and discussions about Turkey’s ap-proach to democratization in its neighborhood. While many predict...

Nigâr Göksel | 05 February 2011

Interview with Kemal Kılıçdaroğlu, Winter 2010

Interview with Kemal Kılıçdaroğlu, Winter 2010

In this exclusive interview for Turkish Policy Quarterly, Kemal Kılıçdaroğlu outlines his views and his Party’s position on the pressing foreign policy choices Turkey faces and the changing needs of the society. Answering questions on issues ranging from minority rights and the governance of religion, to policies towards neighbors and approaches to the uprisings in the Middle East, Kılıçdaroğlu relates the vision that will steer the “new...

Kemal Kılıçdaroğlu | 05 February 2011

The Efficiency of Turkish Foreign Policy, Winter 2010

The Efficiency of Turkish Foreign Policy, Winter 2010

The recent claims that Turkey pursues a policy of Neo-Ottomanism are unfounded and misleading. Turkey’s involvement in regional tensions and conflicts is merely aimed at contributing to solutions and providing assistance to foster peace and stability in its surroundings. Furthermore, Turkey, as a society comprised of communities with different ethnicities and cultures, benefits from the experience of multiculturalism and therefore has the capacity to provide...

Ömer Çelik | 05 February 2011

AKP's Domestically Driven Foreign Policy, Winter 2010

AKP's Domestically Driven Foreign Policy, Winter 2010

AKP (the Justice and Development Party) adeptly uses foreign policy to advance its domestic drive for power. It favors Muslim solidarity, muscular nationalism, and mercantilism to outflank more Islamist and nationalist political opponents. And it favors them even when the choice puts Turkey at odds with the United States, a NATO ally, and the European Union, which it officially aspires to join. These preferences are evident in policies toward Turkey’s Arab...

Carol Migdalovitz | 05 February 2011

Change in the Middle East puts Turkey in the eye of the storm, Winter 2010

Change in the Middle East puts Turkey in the eye of the storm, Winter 2010

The wave of anti-government protests sweeping the Arab world offers Turkey opportunities to enhance its position as a regional model of development but also highlights both contradictions in Turkey’s foreign policy and shortcomings of its democracy. For the first time in its history, Turkey is emerging as a true bridge between East and West. Change in Egypt and Tunisia and unrest elsewhere in the region however puts Turkish aspirations and its ability to...

James M. Dorsey | 05 February 2011

The Jasmine Revolution, Winter 2010

The Jasmine Revolution, Winter 2010

The Jasmine revolution was quick and clean. Now Tunisia faces an important transition period and counts on its traditional allies and friends for political, economic, and logistical support. Turkey, as a country with regional ambitions and an important trade partner, needs to learn more about Tunisian dynamics. Tunisians expect more from Turkey. Of course the burden is mostly on the shoulders of Tunisians themselves. Tunisians have no right to fail the transition to...

Mahmoud El-May | 05 February 2011

Turkey's Economic and Financial Diplomacy, Winter 2010

Turkey's Economic and Financial Diplomacy, Winter 2010

In the flurry of arguments and theories put forth to explain the profound changes in Turkish diplomacy, little attention has been given to economic and financial considerations. The rise of a new business elite which can relay its demands at the highest level of government and the growing importance of international creditors is contributing to reshape Turkey’s diplomacy and to ground it in what A. Hirschmann would call a departure from the warmth of Passion...

Shahin Vallée | 05 February 2011

Turkey and Armenia: A Second Chance?, Winter 2010

Turkey and Armenia: A Second Chance?, Winter 2010

The Armenia-Turkey normalization process which began in 2008 was the most promising development in the South Caucasus for years but its stalling in April 2010 has made the situation there much worse. Although there is a heavy weight of history around the Armenian-Turkish relationship the most important driver for the process was Turkey’s desire to play a greater role in the Caucasus. A revival of the process would actually be in the long-term interest of...

Thomas De Waal | 05 February 2011

The Limits of Good Intentions: The Caucasus as a Test Case for Democracy, Winter 2010

The Limits of Good Intentions: The Caucasus as a Test Case for Democracy, Winter 2010

The complexity of the challenges facing the Caucasus makes it a litmus test for Turkey’s new foreign policy. The region illuminates the strengths and weaknesses of “zero problems with neighbours”, as well as the need to encourage “zero problems between neighbours” in pursuit of Turkish interests. Turkey’s influence in the Caucasus provides a strong opportunity to help resolve the region’s political and security challenges....

Alexander Jackson | 05 February 2011

Turkey's Rising Role in Africa, Winter 2010

Turkey's Rising Role in Africa, Winter 2010

Turkey´s interest to develop relations with Africa is highly interesting and a relatively new development in Turkish foreign policy. Although it has started in 1998, its implementation in a coherent and sophisticated manner took place since the AKP came in power in 2002. Currently, both Turkey and African countries benefits from this relation in not only in economic and political terms, but also Africa gains aid, investment and humanitarian assistance. In...

Mehmet Özkan | 05 February 2011

The Russo-Georgian Relationship: Personal Issues or National Interest?, Winter 2010

The Russo-Georgian Relationship: Personal Issues or National Interest?, Winter 2010

The Russian-Georgian conflict over South Ossetia in 2008 brought renewed international interest in the South Caucasus. Since the conflict, the Russo-Georgian relationship remains tense and is characterized by threats, recriminations, and mutual suspicion. Those who ignore historical events between Georgia and Russia, assume the personal relationship between the leaders of the two countries is the source of confrontation. This article argues that while personal factors...

Kornely Kakachia | 05 February 2011

Changing Dynamics of Turkish Foreign Policy and the EU, Winter 2010

Changing Dynamics of Turkish Foreign Policy and the EU, Winter 2010

Turkey’s negotiations for accession to the European Union are going through a difficult period while Turkish foreign policy is in the midst of a rapid change with active involvement in adjacent regions such as the Middle East. As long as Turkey defends norms such as peace and democracy, which are compatible with EU values, the active policy of engagement may contribute to an expansion of the zone of stability and security outside of the EU. Turkey may become a...

Çiğdem Nas | 05 February 2011

Turkish Foreign Policy towards the Balkans: New Activism, Neo-Ottomanism or/so what?, Winter 2010

Turkish Foreign Policy towards the Balkans: New Activism, Neo-Ottomanism or/so what?, Winter 2010

It is often argued that Ankara has developed a new interest and manifested a growing economic and diplomatic role in its neighboring regions – including the Balkans. This trend is mostly referred to as “new activism” in media circles, and has taken a place in the endless discussions on the success/failure of the AKP (Justice and Development Party) government. Furthermore, it has reopened the notorious discussion of so-called...

İnan Rüma | 05 February 2011

TPQ Roundtable: Shifting Turkish Foreign Policy, Winter 2010

TPQ Roundtable: Shifting Turkish Foreign Policy, Winter 2010

In this article, the author highlights some of the topics central to the debates that took place during the first leg of the two-day TPQ Roundtable marathon organized with the support of the Black Sea Trust for Regional Cooperation. Focusing on the insights provided by the event’s panel discussants, the ar-ticle presents a brief analysis of the potential implications of Turkey’s recent, assertive foreign policies.  

Benjamin Katcher | 05 February 2011

From the Desk of the Editor Over the last couple of years, Turkey has weathered multiples storms in close succession: two general elections that took place in a polarized political climate, an escalation of the Turkey-PKK conflict, a crisis with Russia, the 2016 failed coup attempt followed by state of emergency measures, and the continued threat of terrorist attacks. The aftermath of the constitutional referendum in April...
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