Independent and cutting-edge analysis on Turkey and its neighborhood

The Wider Black Sea Area: Region, Crossroads or Buffer?, Summer 2006

The Wider Black Sea Area: Region, Crossroads or Buffer?, Summer 2006

Every year, TPQ's summer issue runs in paralel with the ARI Movement's annual international security conference. The conference, held at the end of June in Istanbul, focused on "Democratization and Security in the Black Sea Region" in partnership with the German Marshall Fund. Various issues were brought to light in a lively mixture of stimulating debates and presentations. It was evident from the wide range of views expressed among participants that the Black Sea Region is...

Nigâr Göksel | 05 September 2006

US Policy in the Black Sea Region, Summer 2006

US Policy in the Black Sea Region, Summer 2006

  From the U.S. point of view, NATO is and will remain the premier provider of security for the Euro-Atlantic region, which includes the Black Sea. Far from seeking to charge into the region, the U.S. approach is to work with its Allies and friends, and within the frameworks they find comfortable, to strengthen cooperation and collaboration on security. The U.S. is not seeking to establish a permanent naval presence in the Black Sea, but it is committed to...

Ross Wilson | 05 September 2006

The Role of the EU in the Resolution of the Conflicts in the South Caucasus, Summer 2006

The Role of the EU in the Resolution of the Conflicts in the South Caucasus, Summer 2006

The conflicts of the South Caucasus remain frozen and the region itself is thus“ broken”. Based on the confidence all involved parties have in the EU and the increased interest of the EU in the region, there is certainly a role for the EU inthe resolution of these conflicts. Though it has limitations, the European Neighborhood Policy is one means for EU influence. Ultimately, the conflicts need to be addressed in a larger framework, which includes a new paradigm of how identities...

Peter Semneby | 05 September 2006

BSEC: A Road Map to Relevance, Summer 2006

BSEC: A Road Map to Relevance, Summer 2006

This article shares the author’s observations about the Black Sea region at large and discusses thecurrent status and future potential of the Organization of Black Sea Economic Cooperation (BSEC).Several arguments are put forth regarding the internal and external failures of BSEC and improvementsare recommended. The relationship between BSEC and the EU is analyzed in light of changing regionaland global realities. Political issues, it is argued, should also be included in the scope of...

Tedo Japaridze | 05 September 2006

Turkey and Russia: Partnership by Exclusion?, Summer 2006

Turkey and Russia: Partnership by Exclusion?, Summer 2006

Despite a long history of tension and conflict of interests, economic and political relations between Turkey and Russia have deepened significantly. This article provides a comprehensive account of the bilateral relationship and argues that the convergence between Russia and Turkey is the result of the two states’ shared defensiveness vis-à-vis the shaping of a new Europe that appears to exclude them and shared apprehension with U.S. policies. The most influential factor indetermining the...

Suat Kınıklıoğlu | 05 September 2006

Possible Consequences of a New Geopolitical Game in Eurasia on Turkey as an Emerging Energy Transport Hub, Summer 2006

Possible Consequences of a New Geopolitical Game in Eurasia on Turkey as an Emerging Energy Transport Hub, Summer 2006

  Much attention has focused on Turkey emerging as a major energy transport hub as the energy security needs of EU member states have become a pressing issue. However, it will be difficult for Eurasian crude oil and natural gas to reach European markets via Turkey given Russia’s grip on energy transportation routes, and bearing in mind Moscow’s interest in preserving its political and economic influence in Central Asia. In the foreseeable future, with...

Gareth Winrow | 05 September 2006

Widening without Enlarging: The European Neighborhood and the South Caucasus, Summer 2006

Widening without Enlarging: The European Neighborhood and the South Caucasus, Summer 2006

Common definitions of “Europe” locate the South Caucasus just outside. Although it has only recently been included in the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP),the South Caucasus is of particular interest because of its geographic location andits energy resources. Since the ENP can be understood as a geopolitical policy intended to create a semi-periphery between the EU and its periphery, the policy seems designed to widen the scope of the EU yet at the same time excluding further enlargement....

Andreas Marchetti | 05 September 2006

Turkey and its Balkan Neighbors: Partners or Competitors?, Summer 2006

Turkey and its Balkan Neighbors: Partners or Competitors?, Summer 2006

  Enlargement has been the most successful policy instrument of the European Union. The current debate on enlargement fatigue, this paper argues, carries high political costs and casts doubts on Europe’s credibility as a fo reign policy actor. It also undermines the efforts of reformers in applicant countries. The paper explores the myths surrounding enlargement fatigue, and calls on Turkey not to ignore its Balkan neighbors. Turkey and its Balkans...

Verena Knaus | 05 September 2006

A New Strategic Outlook in Turkey, Summer 2006

A New Strategic Outlook in Turkey, Summer 2006

The political mood in Europe is anti-Turkish and the recent conflict between Ankara and Nicosia comes as an opportune excuse to push Turkey off the agenda. The failure however, is also on the part of the government of Turkey for failing to take stock of the changed circumstances in the EU and for failing to make the necessary tactical adjustments in pursuing Turkey’s EU dimension. Turkey’s foreign policy comes across as confusing and timid. Rather than being a leader in the Black...

Borut Grgic | 05 September 2006

The Black Sea: New Arena for Global Competition, Summer 2006

The Black Sea: New Arena for Global Competition, Summer 2006

  The provisions of the Montreyx Convetion have rendered a unique situation in the Black Sea region wherein Access of war vessels of countries which do not have a coast in the Black Sea are very restricted. Today the Black Sea region has become a center of global competition for reasons such as being located at the crossroads of energy transportation routes. This article overviews the policies of both the Black Sea countries and global powers towards the region, highlighting the prevalent...

Sinan Oğan | 05 September 2006

Towards a New NATO-Turkey Partnership in Central Asia, Summer 2006

Towards a New NATO-Turkey Partnership in Central Asia, Summer 2006

This article discusses the altered strategic environment facing Turkey and its NATOallies since the Cold War. It reviews these countries’ recent relationship withRussia and Central Asian states and recommends policies that could promoteTurkey’s transformation from strategic barrier to bridge in EurasiaThe general congruence of objectives between Russia, Turkey, and otherNATO countries in Central Asia establishes the foundation for buildinga new geopolitical relationship to replace...

Richard Weitz | 05 September 2006

The Black Sea as an Energy Transit Corridor, Summer 2006

The Black Sea as an Energy Transit Corridor, Summer 2006

Due to the market condition of energy resources, we are experiencing heightened competition globally. The reserves of the Caspian region and Russia render the Black Sea an important pasageway. However shipment of oil through the straits with tankers has proven dangerous and projects to bypass them are ongoing. On the other hand additional potential projects are still evolving. At this particular juncture in time, Russia is a critical player in the picture and competition between Russia and the...

Aydın Özü | 05 September 2006

Solving South Caucasian Conflicts and Building Regional Security, Summer 2006

Solving South Caucasian Conflicts and Building Regional Security, Summer 2006

The demise of the USSR in 1991 created a power vacuum in the Soviet space that lingers to this day. This development acted as a catalyst in igniting the conflicts in and around the region. Security concerns of the independent states have steadily increased over the past decade and a half and a search for alternative centers for cooperation and security has come about. Russia’s incapacity to offer a sound and reliable cooperation and security system coupled with an increased interest of...

Stepan Gregoryan | 05 September 2006

Turkey’s New Geopolitical Agenda, Summer 2006

Turkey’s New Geopolitical Agenda, Summer 2006

  Turkey's multilateral and independent policies vis-à-vis its neighbors represent  the key component  to a new strategy  for dealing with its own internal and  external regional change. The deepening of relations through greater  economic  cooperation, regional  assistance, and promotion of democratic institutions  throughout  the  Middle East , Black Sea,  and in  the  Turkic  republics...

Jashua W. Walker | 05 September 2006

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FROM THE DESK OF THE EDITOR
From The Desk Of The Editor This issue of TPQ comes at a time when global instability is arguably at its highest point since the end of World War II. The Western-led liberal world order that emerged in its wake, anchored by NATO and bolstered by multilateral institutions such as the European Union and the World Bank is fraying, and the principles upon which the order was founded are being undermined. Furthermore, the...
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