Independent and cutting-edge analysis on Turkey and its neighborhood

Democracy in the Middle East: Inevitable or Impossible, Summer 2005

Democracy in the Middle East: Inevitable or Impossible, Summer 2005

  It is claimed that states no longer have a sovereign right to be undemocratic. The entire globe has a stake in insuring that basic rights are provided for all human beings. Increasingly threats know no borders. The right of every individual to political and economic participation in a pluralistic environment is the best insurance we have to make the world safer.  Please cllick here to read the text in full.

Nigâr Göksel | 05 September 2005

Interview with Süleyman Demirel: Turkey and Democratization in the Middle East, Summer 2005

Interview with Süleyman Demirel: Turkey and Democratization in the Middle East, Summer 2005

Turkey’s 9th President Süleyman Demirel was in active politics for over 35 years, serving as prime minister for almost 12 years in total and finally as president before his retirement in 2000. His vast experience in Turkey’s own democratization process holds many lessons that are relevant for the countries of the region. In the interview we conducted with him, President Demirel shares his views on the state of democracy in the region, identifying the fundamental dynamics of a...

Süleyman Demirel | 05 September 2005

Democratization Process in Iraq, Summer 2005

Democratization Process in Iraq, Summer 2005

Decades of tyranny, wars and oppression have left the Iraqi society divided, lackinginitiative and vulnerable to various sensitivities. Describing the challenges facedin Iraq's ongoing transition due to the recent history of the nation, the author offerssuggestions as to how they can be overcome, covering the political, economic,institution building and foreign policy spheres. The importance of leaving ethnicand religious divisions in the past and reconstructing a national identity is...

Ayad Allawi | 05 September 2005

The Future of Democratization in the Black Sea Region, Summer 2005

The Future of Democratization in the Black Sea Region, Summer 2005

The vast democratic transformation of the Black Sea region presents new opportunitiesfor U.S. policy, as well as a number of challenges. The author outlines the stateof democracy in the region, explaining why the developments there command theattention of U.S. decision makers and what the policy options are...Please click here to read the text in full.  

Bruce Pitcairn Jackson | 05 September 2005

Promoting Political and Economic Reform in the Mediterranean and the Middle East, Summer 2005

Promoting Political and Economic Reform in the Mediterranean and the Middle East, Summer 2005

The EU has a major interest in the reform process of its neighbors. However, theEU is not entitled to “impose” the ground rules of political, economic and socialbehavior that it requires from member countries upon its southern neighbors theway it is able to upon its European neighbors and potential member countries. TheEU’s “sticks and carrots” are insufficient to motivate national authorities toimplement reforms that weaken their own power status. This article...

Fraser Cameron | 05 September 2005

Are the Winds of Change Blowing in Azerbaijan?, Summer 2005

Are the Winds of Change Blowing in Azerbaijan?, Summer 2005

The author presents an opposition viewpoint to the current government of Azerbaijan,pointing out the alleged repression and corruption. Arguing that the Azerbaijanisociety has, in fact, a history of democracy as well as a cultural preparedness for it today, the author implies that should the upcoming elections not be fair, the people may revolt. Azerbaijan has been an independent state for almost 14 years. Strong national movements began within Russia itself in Ukraine, the Baltic States and...

Ali Kerimli | 05 September 2005

Syrian-Turkish Relations: At What Price?, Summer 2005

Syrian-Turkish Relations: At What Price?, Summer 2005

If Turkey continues to support Arab dictatorships, especially Syria, not only will Arab democracies like Iraq and Lebanon distance themselves from Turkey, but so will the U.S. and European countries. Pointing out some recent moves of Turkey, the author accuses the Turkish government of being shortsighted and acting against the interests of Turkey itself...Please click here to read the text in full.    

Farid Ghadry | 05 September 2005

Iraq: A Perspective from the Economic Analysis of Civil War, Summer 2005

Iraq: A Perspective from the Economic Analysis of Civil War, Summer 2005

The author, with expertise both on the economics of civil war and on the functioning of democracy in oil economies, analyzes the case of Iraq from these perspectives.The article assesses the role international actors can play, pointing out that thecritical importance of accelerating growth through aid and encouraging reformthrough international templates of economic governance. Iraq has three of theclassic risk factors: large natural resource rents, ethnic dominance, and a longhistory of...

Paul Collier | 05 September 2005

Democracy in the Greater Middle East: Inevitable, Summer 2005

Democracy in the Greater Middle East: Inevitable, Summer 2005

The author argues that expanding democracy to the Greater Middle East is becomingthe most daring and exciting political undertaking of the next decades. He examinesthe resistance towards and the controversy regarding the democratization initiativeof the Greater Middle East. He argues that we are going through an exceptionalperiod of history where the global interests of the U.S. overlap with the primaryrights of the peoples of the region. He concludes that the people of the Middle Eastwill...

Cengiz Çandar | 05 September 2005

The Secular Roots of Radical Political Islam, Summer 2005

The Secular Roots of Radical Political Islam, Summer 2005

The author examines the interactions between the West and the Muslim world overtime, trying to trace the development of political Islam and discovering how theWest played a central role in this evolution. Critically analyzing the debate in theU.S. and American policies towards the Muslim world, the author concludes that the U.S. itself needs to be contained in order to prevent further mistakes.When the event we know as 9/11 happened, I was in New York City.As the weeks rolled by, and I read the...

Mahmood Mamdani | 05 September 2005

Thoughts on a New Security Arrangement: Focusing on the Middle East Case, Summer 2005

Thoughts on a New Security Arrangement: Focusing on the Middle East Case, Summer 2005

International security structures and arrangements have not yet been adapted tothe geopolitical and economic shifts that have taken place over the last two decades.The wars in Afghanistan and Iraq have taught valuable lessons to various globalactors about the importance of managing security cooperation. This article aimsto explore thoughts on a new global security arrangement to coordinate efforts ofthe democracies of the world. The article focuses in particular on the Middle East to describe...

Ümit Kumcuoğlu | 05 September 2005

From Divergent Views to a Common Policy: US and EU Approaches to Promoting Democratization in the Middle East, Summer 2005

From Divergent Views to a Common Policy: US and EU Approaches to Promoting Democratization in the Middle East, Summer 2005

The Transatlantic “Partnership for Progress and a Common Future with the Region of the Broader Middle East and North Africa” (BMENA) bears the potential to revolutionize Western policies towards the Middle East. However, the chances that BMENA will gain touch with reality are very low if Palestinians are not granted the right of self-determination. This article examines the conflict between Israel and Palestine in its relevance for the policy approaches of the U.S. and the EU...

Martin Beck | 05 September 2005

A Fourth Alternative to Turkey: A Democratic Middle East, Summer 2005

A Fourth Alternative to Turkey: A Democratic Middle East, Summer 2005

In this article the author argues that Turkey can be a positive catalyst for democratic change in the Middle East. In its evaluation of the potential success of thedemocratization process, the article analyzes eight indicators of the democraticrequirements for countries in need of change in the region: their economic situation,the international climate, a past democratic experience, the existence of pastdemocratic culture and institutions, and the role of ethnicity and civil society.In a recent...

Emre Erdoğan | 05 September 2005

Israel and Democratization of the Arab World, Summer 2005

Israel and Democratization of the Arab World, Summer 2005

This article explains that contrary to common assumptions, the democratization of the Arab world is in the interests of Israel. Recognizing the dangers on the onehand, the author concludes that even if democratization efforts fail, they will render Israel safer by empowering groups that are now suppressed, thus weakening pan-Arabist discourse and the coalition against Israel. Fifteen years ago, Lisa Anderson, a Columbia University political scientist claimed that democratization of the Arab...

Hillel Frisch | 05 September 2005

Turkey and North Africa: Challenge and Opportunity, Summer 2005

Turkey and North Africa: Challenge and Opportunity, Summer 2005

This article aims to give an overview on Turkey's improving relations with the countries of North Africa, a region that is increasingly important for bilateraltrade, energy relationships and increasingly important for the U.S. and Europe.It focuses on the relationship between the region’s continued integration into theWestern economic system and the significant improvement registered in Turkey’s trade relations with Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, Libya, Morocco, and Tunisia,...

Kaan Nazlı | 05 September 2005

Reflection on the Road to Iraqı Democracy, Summer 2005

Reflection on the Road to Iraqı Democracy, Summer 2005

Yethrib is a town in the heart of the Sunni Triangle in Iraq. Ahmet Shauket lives under constant threat but is avowed to build the institutions to support democracy,peace and human rights in his town. This piece reflects one man’s struggle forfreedom and democracy in Iraq.Once Saddam Hussein’s regime was overthrown by coalition forces, ahistorical opportunity arose for the Yethrib people: to establish ademocratic system. The support of those -among the 80,000 person community- who...

Ahmet Shauket | 05 September 2005

US-Iran Relations within the Framework of Democratization in Iran, Summer 2005

US-Iran Relations within the Framework of Democratization in Iran, Summer 2005

This article assumes that the U.S.  is intent on the democratization of the Middle East, and at this stage places a priority to Iran.  However, it should be noted that instead of promoting current democratic trends within Iran, the U.S. favors enforcement strategies which support the opposition to the regime. The author argues that the U.S. should be working towards more gradual transformation within the existing system instead of working with progressive elements of the...

Bayram Sinkaya | 05 September 2005

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