Independent and cutting-edge analysis on Turkey and its neighborhood

Turkey's European Odyssey 1: A Political Perspective, Fall 2004

Turkey's European Odyssey 1: A Political Perspective, Fall 2004

  As the decision of the European Council in December 2004 draws nearer, Turkish Policy Quarterly is delving into the political implications of Turkey’s would-be membership, ranging from how Turkey’s culture or religion will affect the European identity to the projected nature of migration from, to, and through Turkey. We look to the future, assessing the effectiveness of  the evolving foreign policies of both the EU and Turkey and analyzing the advantages Turkey’s...

Nigâr Göksel | 05 December 2004

Turkey's EU Membership: Seeing the Transatlantic Gains, Fall 2004

Turkey's EU Membership: Seeing the Transatlantic Gains, Fall 2004

As Turkey advances in its process of accession to the EU, the transatlantic relationship is in need of dispelling the ominous discussions –overrated at times – regarding its future. This is a complex task. Yet, Turkey can contribute to this process in its own way. Many of the policy issues that create tensions across the Atlantic involve the regions with which Turkey has close ties. Turkey’s own political, economic and social experience, its geopolitical perspective, foreign policy approach and...

Abdullah Gül | 05 December 2004

Turkey's European Perspective: The German View, Fall 2004

Turkey's European Perspective: The German View, Fall 2004

The author argues that the German Government has given its unrelenting support for accession negotiations if Turkey meets the Copenhagen political criteria. According to the author both Turkey and the EU are already reaping the benefits of Turkey’s EU perspective. He cites three reasons as to why he believes it to be in the political interest of the EU member states, especially Germany, to continue this process: Firstly, because prospective membership has acted as a catalyst, causing...

Joschka Fischer | 05 December 2004

Transforming the OSCE, Fall 2004

Transforming the OSCE, Fall 2004

The author argues that the evolving international environment of the early twenty first century is producing new threats and challenges to the international community, including the OSCE, such as international terrorism, organized crime and illegal trafficking in all its forms. According to him the OSCE (Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe) has to be better equipped for dealing with the challenges and threats of the contemporary world. The OSCE, is the largest regional security...

Solomon Passy | 05 December 2004

What Borders for Europe?, Fall 2004

What Borders for Europe?, Fall 2004

The author discusses two opposing visions within the Union regarding the borders of the  European Union. The first vision makes the case based on a geographical and historical identity for Europe. The second vision, however, looks to the future. He is defending the latter by claiming that the definition of the EU’s borders can neither be based on historical nor geographic and even less on religious factors. As such, Turkey has a rightful place within Europe. Europe can only continue...

Dominique Strauss-Kahn | 05 December 2004

Visions of Europe, Fall 2004

Visions of Europe, Fall 2004

The author argues that the “Turkey in the EU” debate is a part of a much broader debate about the future of Europe itself, and calls upon the citizens of the EU as well as the citizens of the candidate countries to engage in this debate.  He stresses that the Europe of the 21st century should be built together on solid, lasting and democratic foundations. The author identifies three alternative visions within the intellectual and political discussions regarding Europe’s future:  the...

Kemal Derviş | 05 December 2004

Turkey's Cultural and Religious Heritage: An Asset to the European Union, Fall 2004

Turkey's Cultural and Religious Heritage: An Asset to the European Union, Fall 2004

Noting that the basic principle of Roman law, pacta sunt servanda, is part of the European cultural heritage, the author argues that accession negotiations with Turkey should start as soon as the country meets the Copenhagen political criteria. The author addresses the arguments against Turkey’s membership to the EU and questions their validity. The identity dimension and the compatibility of Islam and democracy are taken up in depth in this framework.Ever since Turkey concluded an...

Ingmar Karlsson | 05 December 2004

To Be or Not to Be with Turkey: December 2004 Blues for the EU, Fall 2004

To Be or Not to Be with Turkey: December 2004 Blues for the EU, Fall 2004

The decision of the European Council in December 2004 on whether to start accession negotiations with Turkey will mark a historic turning point in Turkey-EU relations. Both sides are now standing at a crossroads contemplating whether to take advantage of the probably benefits of Turkey’s membership or bear the costs of its exclusion from the Union. This paper will explore the potential implications of integrating Turkey into the EU by charting out a multi-level, multi-disciplinary cost/benefit...

Mustafa Aydın & Sinem Akgül Açıkmeşe | 05 December 2004

Turkish Immigrants: Their Integration within the EU and Migration to Turkey, Fall 2004

Turkish Immigrants: Their Integration within the EU and Migration to Turkey, Fall 2004

According to the authors many Europeans believe that if Turkey were to become an EU member state there would be large numbers of Turks immigrating to EU. It is estimated that there are approximately 3.6 million Turkish nationals living abroad of which about 3.2 million are in European countries. Some studies predict a flow of migrants (between 1.3 to 2.7 million) from Turkey to the EU until 2030. The authors argue that prospects of EU accession will not eliminate immigration from Turkey;...

Kemal Kirişçi & Refik Erzan | 05 December 2004

Turkey: Bridge or Bridgehead?, Fall 2004

Turkey: Bridge or Bridgehead?, Fall 2004

This article asks whether Turkey’s accession to the EU would create a bridge of understanding between Western Europe and the Islamic world or would Turkey be a bridgehead from which large numbers of Muslims will “invade” western society? It analyzes the key non-economic issues and, in particular, examines the relevance of religion.  The writer believes that all countries which qualify politically and economically for EU membership should be admitted but worries that the...

Stanley Crossick | 05 December 2004

The Principle of Fairness in Turkey-EU Relations, Fall 2004

The Principle of Fairness in Turkey-EU Relations, Fall 2004

The authors argue that the EU’s decision about Turkey’s readiness for the full accession negotiations at the end of 2004 will shape the future course of Turkish democracy and modernity as well as the formation of European identity. This paper’s general argument is that the principle of fairness and objectivity should be the basis of the EU’s decision about Turkey, rather than the culturalist and essentialist discourses of Europe which privilege religion and geography over the universal norms of...

E. Fuat Keyman & Senem Aydın | 05 December 2004

Turkey's Foreign Policy toward EU Membership: A Security Perspective, Fall 2004

Turkey's Foreign Policy toward EU Membership: A Security Perspective, Fall 2004

Turkey’s potential contributions to the EU Common Foreign and Defense Policy (CFSP) will play an important role in the decision which will be made regarding the opening of accession negotiations. Therefore, this article briefly describes the evolution of Turkey’s foreign policy and analyzes whether Turkish and EU foreign policies are compatible particularly in light of the EU Security Strategy document prepared by the CFSP High Representative Javier Solana and adopted by the...

Can Buharalı | 05 December 2004

The Road to EU Membership: The Role of Turkish Civil Society, Fall 2004

The Road to EU Membership: The Role of Turkish Civil Society, Fall 2004

This essay is a discussion of the involvement of Turkish civil society in the integration process of Turkey to the European Union (EU) and its domestic and international dimensions. The author argues that civil society in Turkey emerged as an important and active player in the integration process. Such an active civil society is a positive indicator for the development of democracy in the country. Moreover, this involvement is critical to enhancing dialogue between Turkey and Europe on a...

Demir Murat Seyrek | 05 December 2004

European Studies in Turkey: Present State and Proposals for the Future, Fall 2004

European Studies in Turkey: Present State and Proposals for the Future, Fall 2004

European studies in Turkey have gone through intensive development in the  last few years, especially after the Helsinki summit. Today about one third of Turkish universities have started a research or teaching activity connected with the European integration process. Most of this work has been done without any help from the European Commission. Actually, among the Commission’s programs, in the fields of education and culture only Jean Monnet Action is active in Turkey, and that only since...

Angelo Santagostino | 05 December 2004

The European Union in the Eyes of Turkish Youth, Fall 2004

The European Union in the Eyes of Turkish Youth, Fall 2004

At this critical junction in Turkey-EU relations, it is indeed curious that no one has taken a moment to ask Turkish youth what they think of a modernization project which essentially spans over two centuries. Instead, public debate has been short-sighted and focused chiefly on when and if accession talks will begin without a long term perspective of Turkish membership. Indeed, there has been no consideration or debate about the opinions of the very people that will lead the country when Turkey...

Emre Özdemir | 05 December 2004

The Impact of Turkish Entry in the EU, Fall 2004

The Impact of Turkish Entry in the EU, Fall 2004

This essay firstly provides a brief overview of the history of Turkey-EU relations and then the most important consequences of an eventual Turkish accession to the EU. Within this framework, 5 pillars are discussed with regard to which the impact of an eventual Turkish membership might be most influential. The economic aspect which could be decisive for Turkey’s EU membership will also be covered, in light of the economic impact of the recent enlargement of the EU. As a secular and democratic...

Faruk Şen | 05 December 2004

Turkey as a Bridgehead and Spearhead: Integrating EU and Turkish Foreign Policy, Fall 2004

Turkey as a Bridgehead and Spearhead: Integrating EU and Turkish Foreign Policy, Fall 2004

This paper starts with the assumption that the EU will decide to open accession negotiations with Turkey at the end of 2004 and in this context it explores the potential for the integration of EU and Turkish foreign, security and defense policies in the pre-accession period. The evolving nature of both the EU and Turkey as foreign policy actors is considered, with attention drawn to the effective graduations in the nature of the EU’s external borders as it extends its membership and...

Michael Emerson & Nathalie Tocci | 05 December 2004

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