Independent and cutting-edge analysis on Turkey and its neighborhood

The Brave New World of Global Security, Summer 2004

The Brave New World of Global Security, Summer 2004

In the second issue of its third year, TPQ has chosen to focus on Euro-Atlnatic cooperation in tackling the new threats of the changing global security enviroment.As the NATO Summit in Istanbul approaches, the contributors to the current issue assess the opportunities and challenges faced by the security community. Please click here to read the text in full.

Nigâr Göksel | 05 September 2004

NATO's 2004 İstanbul Summit: Charting the Alliance's Ongoing Adoption to 21st Century Risks and Challenges, Summer 2004

NATO's 2004 İstanbul Summit: Charting the Alliance's Ongoing Adoption to 21st Century Risks and Challenges, Summer 2004

Projecting stability has become the precondition for our security. Territorial defense remains a core function, but we simply can no longer protect our security without addressing the potential risks and threats that arise far from our homes. Terrorism, weapons of mass destruction and instability flowing from failed states are threats that know no borders. This new strategic environment forces us to look at security in a completely different light than we did in the past. The agenda of the...

Jaap de Hoop Scheffer | 05 September 2004

Afghanistan at the Crossroads of History, Summer 2004

Afghanistan at the Crossroads of History, Summer 2004

Had the international community not intervened, Afghanistan would probably have further deteriorated as a breeding ground for terrorists and drug-traffickers, and it could well have become a powerhouse generating constant instability not only to its neighbours, but also the world at large. Although military victory was secured in a swift fashion from an operational perspective, our multi-faceted involvement in Afghanistan still continues. A successful completion of engagement in Afghanistan...

Hikmet Çetin | 05 September 2004

Re-Conceptualization of Soft Security and Turkey's Civilian Contributors to International Security, Summer 2004

Re-Conceptualization of Soft Security and Turkey's Civilian Contributors to International Security, Summer 2004

The mix and method regarding how hard and soft security policies are implemented in times of crisis and conflict are still contentious issues. There is a substantive amount of discussion among scholars and experts on how to make the best use of these policies. The common denominator in such discussions seems to be that the elements of soft security are of a rather preventive nature and best employed to reinstitute stability and introduce normalcy in afflicted areas.  The author argues that...

Uğur Ziyal | 05 September 2004

Links between Terrorism and Drug Trafficking: A Case of 'Narco-Terrorism'?, Summer 2004

Links between Terrorism and Drug Trafficking: A Case of 'Narco-Terrorism'?, Summer 2004

This article explores the nature of links between terrorism and trafficking in illicit narcotic drugs. It discusses some of the empirical evidence on the simultaneous presence of armed conflict, including the terrorist variety, and the cultivation, processing and trafficking of narcotic drugs. While some authors postulate close links–and even convergence–between terrorist groups and organized crime groups, the author is more skeptical about the nature and extent of this connection. He points...

Alex Schmid | 05 September 2004

Weak and Failing States: Critical New Security Issues, Summer 2004

Weak and Failing States: Critical New Security Issues, Summer 2004

This essay defines the nature of state failure and explains the differences between strong, weak, failing, failed, and collapsed states. The author argues that failing states are a particular worry to the security of the twenty-first century. The role of the European Union and NATO in approaching the issue of failed states, and the deficiencies of EU and NATO policy are noted. Methods of preventing state failure are discussed, along with indicators that provide early warning for...

Robert I. Rotberg | 05 September 2004

To the Shores of Tripoli, Summer 2004

To the Shores of Tripoli, Summer 2004

From the Halls of Montezuma to the Shores of Tripoli” the opening line from the U.S. Marine Corps Hymn, refers to the armed action President Thomas Jefferson took in the early 19th century against the Muslim corsairs of the Barbary Coast of North Africa, which eventually resulted in the construction of the first permanent U.S. Navy. In our age, maritime terrorism has emerged as a formidable threat in the world, targeting both civilian and naval vessels in NATO’s area of operations....

Ali Köknar | 05 September 2004

Turkey, Iran and Nuclear Risks, Summer 2004

Turkey, Iran and Nuclear Risks, Summer 2004

In his assessment of Turkey’s approach to WMD risks the author includes the perceptions and internal dynamics among various regional actors, capabilities of involved players, and the role of evolving strategic alliances. Analyzing possible Turkish responses to the advent of an openly nuclear Iran, Lesser estimates that the extent and character of Turkish security ties –with the US, within NATO, and with European partners– will be key factors, as well as internal political...

Ian O. Lesser | 05 September 2004

Turkey's Sweet and Sour Policy Against NBC Weapons, Summer 2004

Turkey's Sweet and Sour Policy Against NBC Weapons, Summer 2004

Turkey’s geographic location requires it to take measures against the proliferation of nuclear, chemical and biological weapons as well as ballistic missiles as their delivery vehicles in its immediate neighborhood. These measures are mainly two folds: First, to support the efforts to strengthen the international nonproliferation regimes so as to make them more effective in curbing the spread of NBC weapons; and to build up military capabilities in close cooperation with the United States...

Mustafa Kibaroglu | 05 September 2004

Turkey's Security Needs and Policy on the Threshold The 21st Century, Summer 2004

Turkey's Security Needs and Policy on the Threshold The 21st Century, Summer 2004

The classical understanding of threat, security, and stability have transformed over the recent years. This essay analyzes Turkey’s readiness and priorities in this new security environment. Demir stresses that Turkey’s goal should be to create a peace and security zone around itself and observes that Turkey’s future membership to the EU would strengthen EU’s political power and would greatly contribute to the formulation of EU’s regional policies. Demir concludes by offering his expectations...

Şinasi Demir | 05 September 2004

NATO's Role in South Caucasus Regional Security, Summer 2004

NATO's Role in South Caucasus Regional Security, Summer 2004

This article begins with an analysis of the security deficit in the South Caucasus and how instability in this region could threaten the interests of NATO. The author argues that NATO’s increased engagement in this region is needed. To this end, the author provides recommendations both for NATO and the South Caucasus. The author advocates a focused and strategic approach to the South Caucasus on the part of NATO, with European powers being more responsive to the threats and opportunities...

Svante Cornell | 05 September 2004

Progress and Challenges: The State of Security in the Balkans, Summer 2004

Progress and Challenges: The State of Security in the Balkans, Summer 2004

This article argues that despite some progress in the area of security the Balkans, the countries of the region still face hard and soft security challenges. The unprecedented financial, political and military engagement of the EU and its member states in the Balkans have shown limited results. The author argues that the international community, particularly the European Union, should rethink its strategies toward the Balkans and address security issues in a coherent and timely manner if it...

Sandra Breka | 05 September 2004

ESDP and New Security Challenges: How The Petersberg Tasks Have Come A Long Way?, Summer 2004

ESDP and New Security Challenges: How The Petersberg Tasks Have Come A Long Way?, Summer 2004

The Petersberg tasks refer to the scope of EU military missions. A military mission is defined by the requirement that it respond to threats and security challenges with available capabilities. For the EU, both emerging threats and available capabilities have gone through many changes since the inception of the original Petersberg tasks in 1992. This paper explores the changing dimension of EU military missions in response to the changing security environment and the EU’s search for a global...

Gülnur Aybet | 05 September 2004

European Defense: Why the EU Should Play a Bigger Role?, Summer 2004

European Defense: Why the EU Should Play a Bigger Role?, Summer 2004

This article assesses the development of ESDP in the context of relationships among EU states and makes certain suggestions as to how to minimize potential rifts among member states to move forward constructively.  As Charles Grant relates NATO’s positive initiatives to broaden the area of stability, he also points out that NATO is the most seriously taken transatlantic vehicle for all involved parties and thus increasingly will serve as a platform for transatlantic cooperation. Predicting the...

Charles Grant | 05 September 2004

Anti-Americanism and its Threat to Transatlantic Cooperation and Security, Summer 2004

Anti-Americanism and its Threat to Transatlantic Cooperation and Security, Summer 2004

Anti-Americanism has become fashionable and is now a threat to the transatlantic cooperation. The risks of anti-Americanism are numerous and severe. Protests against “American imperialism” connected with almost all recent international summits recall the year 1968 and the wave of radicalism and terrorism in the 60s and 70s. A significant part of anti-American rhetoric is aimed at undermining the “legitimacy” of the hegemonic position of the U.S. The result of this could be that the key-player...

Christian Jokinen | 05 September 2004

EU's Long-Term Stability Strategy for the Middle East, Summer 2004

EU's Long-Term Stability Strategy for the Middle East, Summer 2004

Not only Middle Eastern states, but all other states –particularly the states in this strategic environment– are economically dependent on the region’s oil resources. Besides economically guaranteeing the continuous flow of regional oil resources into Europe, the EU’s overall strategic political interest is to provide security for itself in the long-term. This could only be realized by pursuing a strategic stability politics with the U.S.; but the EU is trying to do this...

Siret Hürsoy | 05 September 2004

Transformation of Al-Qaeda's Strategy in Light of the New Global War on Terrorism, Summer 2004

Transformation of Al-Qaeda's Strategy in Light of the New Global War on Terrorism, Summer 2004

The September 11 attacks have changed the world’s security environment. The tremendous developments in the wake of this event have resulted in two major wars. The sustained struggle against terror has yielded significant results, but not a foreseeable end to terrorist networks. Although operating in a less conducive environment after the intervention in Afghanistan, Al-Qaeda has quickly adapted to new circumstances, mobilizing affiliated organizations to carry out attacks against U.S....

Arben Qirezi | 05 September 2004

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