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Chechen, Abkhazian, and Circassian peoples, including those who had to immigrate to the Ottoman Empire, still remember the difficult and painful times faced in the Northern Caucasus under Czarist Russian rule. In particular, those communities that immigrated to Ottoman lands have impacted Russia-Turkey relations following the Cold War. The 2014 Sochi Olympic Games in Russia was an opportunity for these historical events to be brought to the attention of the world. This article provides an overview of the history of the Northern Caucasian peoples’ resistance against Russian rulers, and analyzes the role of Circassian, Chechen, Abkhazian, and Georgian diaspora groups in Turkey’s foreign policy decision-making toward Russia. The author argues that the role of the Circassian diaspora in contemporary Turkish foreign policy has been diminishing as Turkey’s relations with Georgia and Russia have strengthened.

 

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Orkhan Gafarli
Orkhan Gafarli
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Foreword Following the violent dissolution of the former Yugoslavia in the 1990s, there had been a shared sense of hope for a more peaceful future for the European continent. Unfortunately, this comfortability disappeared after Russian President Vladimir Putin ordered his troops to march against the Ukrainian forces throughout the border on 24 February 2022. This marked a turning point not only for the...
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