Turkey is at the vanguard of a global trend of implementing universal health coverage. Building on that leadership position, Prime Minister Erdoğan has set a goal for Turkey to become a global leader in the delivery of health services over the next decade. A key element of developing the health care market in Turkey is expanding the country’s biopharmaceutical sector. For Turkey to meet its health care objectives, it needs to maintain a public policy environment that ensures adequate resources for health care and fosters innovation and investment in the biopharmaceutical sector. Too often, the government’s short-term cost containment polices have conflicted with its aspirations for ensuring Turkish citizens have access to needed innovative therapies and growing a biopharmaceutical sector.