Independent and cutting-edge analysis on Turkey and its neighborhood

The day after revolution is never easy. Euphoria fades quickly; expectations are prone to quick frustration…Experience shows that change is never easy, and it never happens overnight. Instead of “transitions,” we should rather speak of “transformations.” Political change on the scale we saw in Eastern Europe and we are witnessing today in Tunisia, Egypt and Libya involves more than transition – it takes in all aspects of a State, its institutions and its society…Accordingly, UNESCO crafts the conditions to make development and democratic reforms more sustainable. We do not provide the hardware for peace but the software to make it meaningful...

CONTRIBUTOR
Irina Bokova
Irina Bokova
From the Desk of the Editor Since the founding of the Turkish Republic, competing conceptions of Turkish identity have existed. Among many examples, the role of Islam has been contested, Kurdish and Turkish nationalisms have clashed, and various identity-based movements have ebbed and flowed, shaping political cleavages. National identity contestation has also spilled over into Turkey’s relationship with its Western...
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