Independent and cutting-edge analysis on Turkey and its neighborhood

In 1995, some observers and policymakers might have expected that the international deployment in Bosnia would be an exceptional event. It soon became obvious, however, that Bosnia was only the first in a succession of ambitious military interventions and post-conflict missions: first in Kosovo (1999) and East Timor (1999), then, in Afghanistan (2001), and finally in Iraq (2003). It became commonplace to refer to all of these missions as if they were variations on the same theme: sometimes referred to as nation-building, stabilization operations (U.S. military), state-building, or post conflict peacebuilding. As a new international cadre of nation-builders emerged, moving from one mission to the next, policymakers asked with ever greater insistence whether there were some universal lessons. 

CONTRIBUTOR
Gerald Knaus
Gerald Knaus
From the Desk of the Editor This issue of TPQ comes at a time when relations between Turkey and the EU are at a historical low point. The sources of tension are manifold, and have been compounded by a constellation of transformations in Turkey, Europe, and the international system. The global upswing in far-right populist movements, isolationism, the conflict in Syria and its humanitarian crisis, and the threat of ISIS have...
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