Independent and cutting-edge analysis on Turkey and its neighborhood

In 1995, some observers and policymakers might have expected that the international deployment in Bosnia would be an exceptional event. It soon became obvious, however, that Bosnia was only the first in a succession of ambitious military interventions and post-conflict missions: first in Kosovo (1999) and East Timor (1999), then, in Afghanistan (2001), and finally in Iraq (2003). It became commonplace to refer to all of these missions as if they were variations on the same theme: sometimes referred to as nation-building, stabilization operations (U.S. military), state-building, or post conflict peacebuilding. As a new international cadre of nation-builders emerged, moving from one mission to the next, policymakers asked with ever greater insistence whether there were some universal lessons. 

CONTRIBUTOR
Gerald Knaus
Gerald Knaus
From the Desk of the Editor Over the last couple of years, Turkey has weathered multiples storms in close succession: two general elections that took place in a polarized political climate, an escalation of the Turkey-PKK conflict, a crisis with Russia, the 2016 failed coup attempt followed by state of emergency measures, and the continued threat of terrorist attacks. The aftermath of the constitutional referendum in April...
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