Independent and cutting-edge analysis on Turkey and its neighborhood

In 1995, some observers and policymakers might have expected that the international deployment in Bosnia would be an exceptional event. It soon became obvious, however, that Bosnia was only the first in a succession of ambitious military interventions and post-conflict missions: first in Kosovo (1999) and East Timor (1999), then, in Afghanistan (2001), and finally in Iraq (2003). It became commonplace to refer to all of these missions as if they were variations on the same theme: sometimes referred to as nation-building, stabilization operations (U.S. military), state-building, or post conflict peacebuilding. As a new international cadre of nation-builders emerged, moving from one mission to the next, policymakers asked with ever greater insistence whether there were some universal lessons. 

CONTRIBUTOR
Gerald Knaus
Gerald Knaus
This issue was published in collaboration with the Friedrich Naumann Foundation Turkey Office.
From the Desk of the Editor TPQ’s Fall 2019 issue, published in collaboration with the Friedrich Naumann Foundation, titled Populism and the Age of Upheaval, examines the rise of populism and its impact on the international order – from governance issues to the environment to gender ideology. Since 2016, the world has been monitoring and trying to forecast the turnout of a series of events that started with...
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