Independent and cutting-edge analysis on Turkey and its neighborhood

In 1995, some observers and policymakers might have expected that the international deployment in Bosnia would be an exceptional event. It soon became obvious, however, that Bosnia was only the first in a succession of ambitious military interventions and post-conflict missions: first in Kosovo (1999) and East Timor (1999), then, in Afghanistan (2001), and finally in Iraq (2003). It became commonplace to refer to all of these missions as if they were variations on the same theme: sometimes referred to as nation-building, stabilization operations (U.S. military), state-building, or post conflict peacebuilding. As a new international cadre of nation-builders emerged, moving from one mission to the next, policymakers asked with ever greater insistence whether there were some universal lessons. 

CONTRIBUTOR
Gerald Knaus
Gerald Knaus
From the Desk of the Editor This issue of TPQ takes up a myriad of issues that the Middle East is grappling with today: from protracted conflicts and the increasing complexity of proxy wars, to changing regional blocs and emerging powers. The Arab uprisings of 2011 remain an important fulcrum for the changing political landscape of the Middle East, and as many of our authors contend, the underlying problems and basic drivers...
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