NATO’s Strategic Concept, while in no way de-emphasizing expeditionary operations, put a greater focus on asymmetrical new threats (i.e. cyber, missile); Libya yanked the Alliance back to reality and demonstrated that it would be called on to fight conventional wars again sooner than anyone could have thought. Given the political strains and limited capacity demonstrated by Operation Unified Protector (OUP), without significant capability development (read defense spending in Europe), the question of NATO’s ability to sustain such a fight in the future remains open. Regardless, nations will continue to call on NATO to act, for sensible reasons. They must therefore be ready to back those calls to action with collective resources.