This article elaborates on Romania’s view on security, and the principles Romania wants to be included in NATO’s New Strategic Concept. It is clear that old historical fears still influence Romania’s foreign policy and its stand in the process of elaboration of NATO’s New Strategic Concept. Security at the eastern border is of crucial importance for Romania. The same goes for the open doors policy, which Romania wants to be continued, even if Russia is, to say the least, not quite “at ease” with the idea of countries like Georgia or Ukraine being NATO members. Romania also insists on extending NATO partnerships to energy producing countries, such as those in Central Asia, and securing energy transport routes.