Independent and cutting-edge analysis on global affairs

Taking Bulgaria as an example, this article examines how the EU accession process transforms a key policy area – the environmental sector. Starting with a disastrous legacy and very weak institutions ten years ago, Bulgaria’s environmental policies have been dramatically transformed in the decade preceding the country’s EU accession in 2007. Although a number of the problems have not been (fully) overcome yet, Bulgaria now has the institutions and policy tools in place to address the remaining challenges. This stands in stark contrast to the situation in 1997 and illustrates what a powerful reform motor the EU accession process is.

 

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Kristof Bender
Kristof Bender
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Foreword Following the violent dissolution of the former Yugoslavia in the 1990s, there had been a shared sense of hope for a more peaceful future for the European continent. Unfortunately, this comfortability disappeared after Russian President Vladimir Putin ordered his troops to march against the Ukrainian forces throughout the border on 24 February 2022. This marked a turning point not only for the...
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